Gas and Liquid Argon Market Research Report - Forecast to 2027

Gas and Liquid Argon Market Research Report: by Type (Gas, Liquid), by Mixture (Ar-CO2, Ar-O2, Ar-He, Ar-H2, Others), by Function (Cooling, Illumination, Illusion), by End-use (Welding & Metal Fabrication, Automotive & Transportation, Food & Beverage, Healthcare, Electronics, Energy, Others), and Region - Forecast to 2027

ID: MRFR/CnM/5649-CR | January 2019 | Region: Global | 235 pages

Market Synopsis


The global gas and liquid argon market is projected to expand at a healthy CAGR of 5.52% during the assessment period (2018 to 2023), according to a new report from Market Research Future (MRFR). The market is expected to reach a valuation of USD 542.33 million by the end of 2023.


Argon, a noble gas with the atomic number 18, is widely used in metalworking applications to prevent contact between the metal and atmospheric elements, which could lead to a reaction between atmospheric oxygen or nitrogen and the metal. This includes the process of die casting hot metals and metals alloys, where the extra heat can stimulate reactions with atmospheric elements even more readily than usual. It is also used in welding carbon and stainless-steel alloys, where even the slightest contamination of atmospheric nitrogen can have a far-reaching effect on the ductility and structural strength of welding. Argon is also used in steel making for bubbling which helps in eliminating contaminants from the steel mixture. While stirring helps ensure consistent composition throughout the mixture.


The growing use of argon in metalworking processes is used in the electronics and energy sectors is likely to be a major driver for the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period. The growing application scope of argon in the healthcare sector is also likely to be a major factor in the development of the gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period. On the other hand, the rising use of structural adhesives in welding processes instead of argon is likely to count against the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period. The high operation costs and complex manufacturing process of argon is also likely to compel end users to look for alternatives, which could hinder the growth prospects of the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


Report Overview


The report provides a thorough look at the global gas and liquid argon market by profiling its key segments in order to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of the granular structure of the market. A fruitful combination of primary and secondary research is used in the report to ensure the accuracy and comprehensiveness of the information presented therein. The global gas and liquid argon market is segmented on the basis of type, mixture, function, end-use industry, and region in the report. The competitive landscape of the global gas and liquid argon market is also studied in the report in order to acquaint readers with the major players operating in the global gas and liquid argon market and the key strategies they are using to ensure continued success in the market over the forecast period.


Segmentation Overview


The global gas and liquid argon market is segmented by type into gas and liquid. By mixture, the global gas and liquid argon market is segmented into Ar-CO2, Ar-O2, Ar-He, Ar-H2, and others. By function, the gas and liquid argon market is segmented into cooling, illumination, and insulation. Key end-use industries in the global gas and liquid argon market include welding and metal fabrication, automotive and transportation, electronics, food and beverage, healthcare, energy, and others.


Regional Overview


Regionally, the global gas and liquid argon market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America. Asia Pacific accounted for the major share in the global gas and liquid argon market in 2016, followed by North America and Europe. The Middle East & Africa and Latin America markets are likely to hold comparatively minor positions in the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


Competitive Landscape


Major companies profiled in the report include Air Liquide (France), Praxair Inc. (U.S.), Messer Group (Germany), Eurochem (Switzerland), BASF SE (Germany), Nippon Shokubai Co. Ltd. (Japan), SOL Spa (Italy), SABIC (Saudi Arabia), The Linde Group (Germany), and Air Products and Chemicals Inc. (U.S.).


Research Methodology


Primary and secondary research have been used to profile the global gas and liquid argon market and present to readers an accurate overview of the intricacies of the market. Primary research channels used by MRFR analysts include leading players in the global gas and liquid argon market, whereas secondary research is conducted through reliable sources such as SEC filings, whitepapers, and press releases. Every precaution is taken to ensure the accuracy of the data presented in the report.


Analysis Period



  • Base Year – 2017

  • Projection Period - From 2018 to 2023

  • Market Valuation - USD Million

  • Market Volume - Kilotons


For the scope of the report, the gas and liquid argon market is segmented in the following manner


Type



  • Gas

  • Liquid


Mixture type:



  • Ar-CO2

  • Ar-O2

  • Ar-He

  • Ar-H2

  • Others


Function:



  • Cooling

  • Illumination

  • Insulation


End use:



  • Welding and Metal Fabrication

  • Automotive and Transportation

  • Food and Beverage

  • Healthcare

  • Electronics

  • Energy

  • Others


Region



  • North America

    • The U.S.

    • Canada



  • Europe

    • U.K.

    • Spain

    • Italy

    • France

    • Russia

    • Poland

    • Germany

    • Rest of Europe 



  • Asia Pacific

    • China

    • Japan

    • India

    • Thailand

    • Malaysia

    • Indonesia

    • South Korea

    • Australia & New Zealand

    • Rest of Asia Pacific



  • Latin America

    • Brazil

    • Mexico

    • Argentina

    • Rest of Latin America



  • The Middle East & Africa

    • UAE

    • Egypt

    • Turkey

    • Israel

    • Saudi Arabia

    • Rest of Middle East & Africa




Intended Audience



  • Gas and liquid argon manufacturers

  • Traders and distributors of gas and liquid argon

  • Government and Independent Regulatory Authorities

  • Research and Development (R&D) Companies

  • Market Research and Consulting Service Providers

  • Potential Investors

  • Raw material suppliers

  • Nationalized laboratories


Industry Updates:


  • In 2019, Bruker launched a few innovative applications to better their product category and increase its product portfolio. One such is G6 Leonardo, which is an inert gas fusion analyzer. The equipment is robust, precise, and cost-effective. The machine offers pre-calibrated standard methods and argon which simplifies several industrial processes.

  • In December 2018, Air Products announced that they would build, own, and operate a new air separation unit (ASU) in Minnesota to produce argon, oxygen, and nitrogen on a large scale. These will be available in the liquid form mostly for local customers and distributors.






Report Scope:
Report Attribute/Metric Details
  Market Size

  • 2022: USD 542.33 million
  • 2027: Significant Value
  •   CAGR   5.52% (2018-2023)
      Base Year   2019
      Forecast Period   2020-2027
      Historical Data   2018
      Forecast Units   Value (USD Million)
      Report Coverage   
      Segments Covered   Type, Mixture, Function, End-Use Industry ands region
      Geographies Covered    North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World (RoW)
      Key Vendors   Air Liquide (France), Praxair Inc. (U.S.), Messer Group (Germany), Eurochem (Switzerland), BASF SE (Germany), Nippon Shokubai Co. Ltd. (Japan), SOL Spa (Italy), SABIC (Saudi Arabia), The Linde Group (Germany), and Air Products and Chemicals Inc. (U.S.).
      Key Market Opportunities   Growth matrix given in the report brings an insight into the investment areas that existing or new market players can consider.
      Key Market Drivers   The high operation costs and complex manufacturing process of argon is also likely to compel end users to look for alternatives, which could hinder the growth prospects of the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :


    Gas and Liquid Argon Market is predicted to grow at 5.52% through forecast period of 2020-2027.

    The forecast period for Gas and Liquid Argon Market research report is 2020-2027.

    Gas and Liquid Argon Market is dominated by APAC region.

    The high operation costs and complex manufacturing process of argon is also likely to compel end users to look for alternatives, which could hinder the growth prospects of the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.

    Air Liquide (France), Praxair Inc. (U.S.), Messer Group (Germany), Eurochem (Switzerland), BASF SE (Germany), Nippon Shokubai Co. Ltd. (Japan), SOL Spa (Italy), SABIC (Saudi Arabia), The Linde Group (Germany), and Air Products and Chemicals Inc.

    Global Gas and Liquid Argon Market - Summary


    The global gas and liquid argon market is expected to rise mainly due to the growing demand for argon in metalworking applications in the automotive, construction, electronics, and energy industries. Argon is used in the manufacturing of high-quality steel and aluminum, as well as silicon and germanium crystals. Argon is mainly used as a shield gas in these applications, as it is inert and thus provides the perfect material to protect the mixture from environmental reagents that could hamper the stability of the resultant materials.


    Increasing use of argon in the healthcare sector could also emerge as a key driver for the global gas and liquid argon market over the coming years. Argon is used in cryosurgeries, wherein a small sample of localized tissue is removed by treating it with extremely cold temperatures. This treatment is used in cancer treatment, which makes it one of the promising avenues in the healthcare sector in the coming years. While liquid nitrogen has traditionally been used in this process, the use of argon in place of liquid nitrogen is increasing, as it allows for better control over the overall procedure.


    The increasing use of argon lasers in treating retinal detachment and retinal phototherapy is also likely to be a major driver for the global gas and liquid argon market, especially as the latter is a treatment used in the management of diabetes, whose global prevalence is increasing steadily. Argon plasma coagulation is another application of argon in the healthcare sector and involves using argon to help coagulate tissues. The inert nature of argon is a major help in this application, as the gas used in this application needs to be unreactive towards the biochemical ingredients of blood and other tissues.


    On the other hand, the high cost and high level of complexity of the production process of argon is likely to deter further growth of the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


    The global gas and liquid argon market is projected to expand at a healthy CAGR of 5.52% during the assessment period from 2018 to 2023, reaching a valuation of USD 542.33 million by the end of 2023.


    Segmentation:


    The global gas and liquid argon market is segmented on the basis of type, mixture, function, end-use industry, and region.


    By type, the global gas and liquid argon market is segmented into gas and liquid. Gas is likely to remain by far the more dominant segment in the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


    By mixture, the global gas and liquid argon market is segmented into Ar-CO2, Ar-O2, Ar-He, Ar-H2, and others. Ar-CO2 is likely to dominate the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


    By function, the gas and liquid argon market is segmented into cooling, illumination, and insulation. Cooling, followed by illumination, is likely to be the leading contributor to the global gas and liquid argon market over the forecast period.


    Key end use industries in the global gas and liquid argon market include welding and metal fabrication, automotive and transportation, electronics, food and beverage, healthcare, energy, and others. Welding and metal fabrication remains by far the leading contributor to the global gas and liquid argon market, accounting for more than twice as much of the market as the next highest contributor, automotive and transportation.


    Regional Insights:


    Regionally, the global gas and liquid argon market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.


    Asia Pacific held the dominant share in the global gas and liquid argon market in 2017 and is likely to further increase its dominance over the forecast period. Rising investment in the manufacturing sector in Asia Pacific countries is likely to result in an increased demand for metalworking and fabrication, leading to a rise in the demand from the gas and liquid argon market. Advancement of the electronics industry in Asia Pacific countries could also turn out to be a major driver for the gas and liquid argon market in the region over the forecast period.


    Competitive Landscape:


    Major companies profiled in the report include Air Liquide (France), Praxair Inc. (U.S.), Messer Group (Germany), Eurochem (Switzerland), BASF SE (Germany), Nippon Shokubai Co. Ltd. (Japan), SOL Spa (Italy), SABIC (Saudi Arabia), The Linde Group (Germany), and Air Products and Chemicals Inc. (U.S.).

    1 Executive Summary

    2 Market Introduction

    2.1 Definition 23

    2.2 Scope Of The Study 23

    2.3 List Of Assumptions 24

    2.4 Market Structure 24

    2.5 Key Takeaways 25

    3 Market Insights

    4 Research Methodology

    4.1 Research Process 31

    4.2 Primary Research 32

    4.3 Secondary Research 33

    4.4 Market Size Estimation 33

    4.5 Forecast Model 34

    5 Market Dynamics

    5.1 Introduction 36

    5.2 Drivers 37

    5.2.1 Widespread Use In Metal Fabrication And Production 37

    5.2.2 Growing Demand For Products In Electronics And Energy Industries 37

    5.2.3 Drivers Impact Analysis 38

    5.3 Restraints 38

    5.3.1 Emergence Of Structural Adhesive As A Substitutable Welding Technology 38

    5.3.2 Restraints Impact Analysis 39

    5.4 Opportunities 39

    5.4.1 Widening Scope Of Application In The Healthcare Sector 39

    5.5 Challenges 40

    5.5.1 Complexity Of The Manufacturing Process And High Operational Cost 40

    6 Market Factor Analysis

    6.1 Supply Chain Analysis 42

    6.1.1 Raw Material 42

    6.1.2 Gas And Liquid Argon Producers 42

    6.1.3 Distributors 43

    6.1.4 End-Use Industry 43

    6.2 Porter’s Five Forces Model 43

    6.2.1 Threat Of New Entrants 44

    6.2.2 Threat Of Rivalry 44

    6.2.3 Threat Of Substitutes 44

    6.2.4 Bargaining Power Of Suppliers 44

    6.2.5 Bargaining Power Of Buyers 44

    7 Global Gas And Liquid Argon Market, By Type

    7.1 Introduction 46

    7.2 Gas 47

    7.3 Liquid 48

    8 Global Gas And Liquid Argon Market, By Mixture

    8.1 Introduction 51

    8.2 Ar-CO2 53

    8.3 Ar-O2 54

    8.4 Ar-He 55

    8.5 Ar-H2 56

    8.6 Others 57

    9 Global Gas And Liquid Argon Market, By Function

    9.1 Introduction 59

    9.2 Cooling 61

    9.3 Illumination 62

    9.4 Insulation 63

    10 Global Gas And Liquid Argon Market, By End-Use Industry

    10.1 Introduction 65

    10.2 Welding And Metal Fabrication 67

    10.3 Automotive And Transportation 68

    10.4 Electronics 69

    10.5 Food & Beverages 70

    10.6 Healthcare 71

    10.7 Energy 72

    10.8 Others 73

    11 Global Gas And Liquid Argon Market, By Region

    11.1 Introduction 75

    11.2 North America 81

    11.2.1 U.S. 85

    11.2.2 Canada 88

    11.3 Europe 92

    11.3.1 Germany 96

    11.3.2 UK 100

    11.3.3 France 103

    11.3.4 Russia 107

    11.3.5 Spain 110

    11.3.6 Italy 114

    11.3.7 Poland 118

    11.3.8 Rest Of Europe 121

    11.4 Asia Pacific 125

    11.4.1 China 129

    11.4.2 Japan 133

    11.4.3 India 136

    11.4.4 South Korea 140

    11.4.5 Australia And New Zealand 143

    11.4.6 Thailand 147

    11.4.7 Malaysia 150

    11.4.8 Indonesia 154

    11.4.9 Rest Of Asia Pacific 157

    11.5 The Middle East And Africa 161

    11.5.1 Turkey 165

    11.5.2 Israel 169

    11.5.3 UAE 172

    11.5.4 Saudi Arabia 176

    11.5.5 Egypt 179

    11.5.6 Rest Of Middle East And Africa 183

    11.6 Latin America 187

    11.6.1 Brazil 191

    11.6.2 Mexico 195

    11.6.3 Argentina 198

    11.6.4 Rest Of Latin America 202

    12 Competitive Landscape

    12.1 Competitive Landscape 207

    12.1.1 Introduction 207

    12.1.2 Key Development Analysis 207

    12.1.3 Market Strategy Analysis 209

    13 Company Profiles

    13.1 Air Liquide 211

    13.1.1 Company Overview 211

    13.1.2 Financial Overview 211

    13.1.3 Products Offered 212

    13.1.4 Key Developments 212

    13.1.5 SWOT Analysis 213

    13.1.6 Key Strategies 213

    13.2 Air Products And Chemicals, Inc 214

    13.2.1 Company Overview 214

    13.2.2 Financial Overview 214

    13.2.3 Products Offered 214

    13.2.4 Key Developments 215

    13.2.5 SWOT Analysis 215

    13.2.6 Key Strategies 215

    13.3 Praxair, Inc 216

    13.3.1 Company Overview 216

    13.3.2 Financial Overview 216

    13.3.3 Products Offered 216

    13.3.4 Key Developments 217

    13.3.5 SWOT Analysis 217

    13.3.6 Key Strategies 217

    13.4 The Linde Group 218

    13.4.1 Company Overview 218

    13.4.2 Financial Overview 218

    13.4.3 Products Offered 218

    13.4.4 Key Developments 219

    13.4.5 SWOT Analysis 219

    13.4.6 Key Strategies 219

    13.5 Messer Group 220

    13.5.1 Company Overview 220

    13.5.2 Financial Overview 220

    13.5.3 Products Offered 221

    13.5.4 Key Developments 221

    13.5.5 SWOT Analysis 222

    13.5.6 Key Strategies 222

    13.6 SABIC 223

    13.6.1 Company Overview 223

    13.6.2 Financial Overview 223

    13.6.3 Products Offered 224

    13.6.4 Key Developments 224

    13.6.5 SWOT Analysis 224

    13.6.6 Key Strategies 224

    13.7 Eurochem 225

    13.7.1 Company Overview 225

    13.7.2 Financial Overview 225

    13.7.3 Products Offered 226

    13.7.4 Key Developments 226

    13.7.5 SWOT Analysis 226

    13.7.6 Key Strategies 226

    13.8 SOL Spa 227

    13.8.1 Company Overview 227

    13.8.2 Products Offered 228

    13.8.3 Key Developments 228

    13.8.4 SWOT Analysis 228

    13.8.5 Key Strategies 228

    13.9 BASF SE 229

    13.9.1 Company Overview 229

    13.9.2 Financial Overview 229

    13.9.3 Products Offered 230

    13.9.4 Key Developments 230

    13.9.5 SWOT Analysis 230

    13.9.6 Key Strategies 230

    13.10 Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd. 231

    13.10.1 Company Overview 231

    13.10.2 Financial Overview 231

    13.10.3 Products Offered 232

    13.10.4 Key Developments 232

    13.10.5 SWOT Analysis 232

    13.10.6 Key Strategies 232

    14 Conclusion

    15 List Of Tables

    List Of Tables

    TABLE 1 MARKET SYNOPSIS 21

    TABLE 2 LIST OF ASSUMPTIONS 24

    TABLE 3 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 46

    TABLE 4 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 47

    TABLE 5 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR GAS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 47

    TABLE 6 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR GAS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 48

    TABLE 7 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR LIQUID, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 48

    TABLE 8 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR LIQUID, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 49

    TABLE 9 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 51

    TABLE 10 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 52

    TABLE 11 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-CO2, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 53

    TABLE 12 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-CO2, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 53

    TABLE 13 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-O2, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 54

    TABLE 14 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-O2, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 54

    TABLE 15 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-HE, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 55

    TABLE 16 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-HE, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 55

    TABLE 17 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-H2, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 56

    TABLE 18 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AR-H2, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 56

    TABLE 19 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 57

    TABLE 20 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 57

    TABLE 21 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 59

    TABLE 22 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 60

    TABLE 23 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR COOLING, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 61

    TABLE 24 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR COOLING, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 61

    TABLE 25 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGONMARKET FOR ILLUMINATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 62

    TABLE 26 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR ILLUMINATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 62

    TABLE 27 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR INSULATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 63

    TABLE 28 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGONMARKET FOR INSULATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 63

    TABLE 29 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 65

    TABLE 30 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 66

    TABLE 31 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR WELDING AND METAL FABRICATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 67

    TABLE 32 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR WELDING AND METAL FABRICATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 67

    TABLE 33 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 68

    TABLE 34 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 68

    TABLE 35 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 69

    TABLE 36 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 69

    TABLE 37 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR FOOD & BEVERAGES, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 70

    TABLE 38 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR FOOD & BEVERAGES, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 70

    TABLE 39 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR HEALTHCARE, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 71

    TABLE 40 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR HEALTHCARE, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 71

    TABLE 41 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR ENERGY, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 72

    TABLE 42 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR ENERGY, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 72

    TABLE 43 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 73

    TABLE 44 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 73

    TABLE 45 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 75

    TABLE 46 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 76

    TABLE 47 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 77

    TABLE 48 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 77

    TABLE 49 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 77

    TABLE 50 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 78

    TABLE 51 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 78

    TABLE 52 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 78

    TABLE 53 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 79

    TABLE 54 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 80

    TABLE 55 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 81

    TABLE 56 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGONMARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 81

    TABLE 57 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 81

    TABLE 58 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 82

    TABLE 59 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 82

    TABLE 60 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 82

    TABLE 61 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 83

    TABLE 62 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 83

    TABLE 63 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 84

    TABLE 64 NORTH AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 84

    TABLE 65 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 85

    TABLE 66 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 85

    TABLE 67 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 85

    TABLE 68 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 86

    TABLE 69 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 86

    TABLE 70 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 87

    TABLE 71 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 87

    TABLE 72 U.S. GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 88

    TABLE 73 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 88

    TABLE 74 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 89

    TABLE 75 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 89

    TABLE 76 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 89

    TABLE 77 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 90

    TABLE 78 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 90

    TABLE 79 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 91

    TABLE 80 CANADA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 91

    TABLE 81 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 92

    TABLE 82 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 92

    TABLE 83 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 93

    TABLE 84 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 93

    TABLE 85 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 93

    TABLE 86 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 94

    TABLE 87 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 94

    TABLE 88 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 94

    TABLE 89 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 95

    TABLE 90 EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 95

    TABLE 91 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 96

    TABLE 92 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 96

    TABLE 93 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 97

    TABLE 94 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 97

    TABLE 95 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 98

    TABLE 96 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 98

    TABLE 97 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 99

    TABLE 98 GERMANY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 99

    TABLE 99 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 100

    TABLE 100 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 100

    TABLE 101 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 100

    TABLE 102 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 101

    TABLE 103 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 101

    TABLE 104 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 102

    TABLE 105 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 102

    TABLE 106 UK GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 103

    TABLE 107 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 103

    TABLE 108 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 104

    TABLE 109 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 104

    TABLE 110 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 104

    TABLE 111 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 105

    TABLE 112 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 105

    TABLE 113 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 106

    TABLE 114 FRANCE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 106

    TABLE 115 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 107

    TABLE 116 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 107

    TABLE 117 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 107

    TABLE 118 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 108

    TABLE 119 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 108

    TABLE 120 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 109

    TABLE 121 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 109

    TABLE 122 RUSSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 110

    TABLE 123 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 110

    TABLE 124 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 111

    TABLE 125 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 111

    TABLE 126 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 111

    TABLE 127 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 112

    TABLE 128 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 112

    TABLE 129 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 113

    TABLE 130 SPAIN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 113

    TABLE 131 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 114

    TABLE 132 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 114

    TABLE 133 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 114

    TABLE 134 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 115

    TABLE 135 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 115

    TABLE 136 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 116

    TABLE 137 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 116

    TABLE 138 ITALY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 117

    TABLE 139 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 118

    TABLE 140 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 118

    TABLE 141 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 118

    TABLE 142 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 119

    TABLE 143 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 119

    TABLE 144 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 120

    TABLE 145 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 120

    TABLE 146 POLAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 121

    TABLE 147 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 121

    TABLE 148 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 122

    TABLE 149 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 122

    TABLE 150 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 122

    TABLE 151 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 123

    TABLE 152 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 123

    TABLE 153 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 124

    TABLE 154 REST OF EUROPE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 124

    TABLE 155 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 125

    TABLE 156 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 125

    TABLE 157 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 126

    TABLE 158 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 126

    TABLE 159 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 126

    TABLE 160 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 127

    TABLE 161 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 127

    TABLE 162 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 128

    TABLE 163 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 128

    TABLE 164 ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 129

    TABLE 165 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 129

    TABLE 166 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 130

    TABLE 167 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 130

    TABLE 168 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 130

    TABLE 169 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 131

    TABLE 170 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 131

    TABLE 171 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 132

    TABLE 172 CHINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 132

    TABLE 173 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 133

    TABLE 174 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 133

    TABLE 175 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 133

    TABLE 176 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 134

    TABLE 177 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 134

    TABLE 178 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 135

    TABLE 179 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 135

    TABLE 180 JAPAN GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 136

    TABLE 181 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 136

    TABLE 182 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 137

    TABLE 183 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 137

    TABLE 184 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 137

    TABLE 185 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 138

    TABLE 186 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 138

    TABLE 187 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 139

    TABLE 188 INDIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 139

    TABLE 189 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 140

    TABLE 190 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 140

    TABLE 191 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 140

    TABLE 192 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 141

    TABLE 193 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 141

    TABLE 194 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 142

    TABLE 195 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 142

    TABLE 196 SOUTH KOREA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 143

    TABLE 197 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 143

    TABLE 198 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 144

    TABLE 199 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 144

    TABLE 200 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 144

    TABLE 201 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 145

    TABLE 202 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 145

    TABLE 203 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 146

    TABLE 204 AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 146

    TABLE 205 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 147

    TABLE 206 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 147

    TABLE 207 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 147

    TABLE 208 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 148

    TABLE 209 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 148

    TABLE 210 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 149

    TABLE 211 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 149

    TABLE 212 THAILAND GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 150

    TABLE 213 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 150

    TABLE 214 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 151

    TABLE 215 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 151

    TABLE 216 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 151

    TABLE 217 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 152

    TABLE 218 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 152

    TABLE 219 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 153

    TABLE 220 MALAYSIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 153

    TABLE 221 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 154

    TABLE 222 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 154

    TABLE 223 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 154

    TABLE 224 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 155

    TABLE 225 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 155

    TABLE 226 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 156

    TABLE 227 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 156

    TABLE 228 INDONESIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 157

    TABLE 229 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 157

    TABLE 230 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 158

    TABLE 231 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 158

    TABLE 232 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 158

    TABLE 233 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 159

    TABLE 234 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 159

    TABLE 235 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 160

    TABLE 236 REST OF ASIA PACIFIC GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 160

    TABLE 237 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 161

    TABLE 238 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 161

    TABLE 239 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 162

    TABLE 240 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 162

    TABLE 241 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 162

    TABLE 242 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 163

    TABLE 243 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 163

    TABLE 244 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 163

    TABLE 245 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 164

    TABLE 246 THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 164

    TABLE 247 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 165

    TABLE 248 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 165

    TABLE 249 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 166

    TABLE 250 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 166

    TABLE 251 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 167

    TABLE 252 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 167

    TABLE 253 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 168

    TABLE 254 TURKEY GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 168

    TABLE 255 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 169

    TABLE 256 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 169

    TABLE 257 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 169

    TABLE 258 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 170

    TABLE 259 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 170

    TABLE 260 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 171

    TABLE 261 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 171

    TABLE 262 ISRAEL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 172

    TABLE 263 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 172

    TABLE 264 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 173

    TABLE 265 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 173

    TABLE 266 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 173

    TABLE 267 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 174

    TABLE 268 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 174

    TABLE 269 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 175

    TABLE 270 UAE GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 175

    TABLE 271 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 176

    TABLE 272 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 176

    TABLE 273 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 176

    TABLE 274 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 177

    TABLE 275 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 177

    TABLE 276 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 178

    TABLE 277 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 178

    TABLE 278 SAUDI ARABIA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 179

    TABLE 279 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 179

    TABLE 280 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 180

    TABLE 281 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 180

    TABLE 282 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 180

    TABLE 283 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 181

    TABLE 284 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 181

    TABLE 285 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 182

    TABLE 286 EGYPT GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 182

    TABLE 287 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 183

    TABLE 288 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 183

    TABLE 289 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 183

    TABLE 290 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 184

    TABLE 291 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 184

    TABLE 292 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 185

    TABLE 293 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 185

    TABLE 294 REST OF MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 186

    TABLE 295 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 187

    TABLE 296 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 187

    TABLE 297 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 187

    TABLE 298 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 188

    TABLE 299 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 188

    TABLE 300 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 189

    TABLE 301 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 189

    TABLE 302 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 189

    TABLE 303 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 190

    TABLE 304 LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 190

    TABLE 305 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 191

    TABLE 306 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 191

    TABLE 307 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 192

    TABLE 308 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 192

    TABLE 309 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 193

    TABLE 310 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 193

    TABLE 311 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 194

    TABLE 312 BRAZIL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 194

    TABLE 313 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 195

    TABLE 314 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 195

    TABLE 315 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 195

    TABLE 316 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 196

    TABLE 317 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 196

    TABLE 318 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 197

    TABLE 319 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 197

    TABLE 320 MEXICO GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 198

    TABLE 321 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 198

    TABLE 322 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 199

    TABLE 323 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 199

    TABLE 324 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 199

    TABLE 325 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 200

    TABLE 326 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 200

    TABLE 327 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 201

    TABLE 328 ARGENTINA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 201

    TABLE 329 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 202

    TABLE 330 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 202

    TABLE 331 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 202

    TABLE 332 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO 203

    TABLE 333 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 203

    TABLE 334 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 204

    TABLE 335 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 204

    TABLE 336 REST OF LATIN AMERICA GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 205

    TABLE 337 KEY DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS 207


    16 List Of Figures

    FIGURE 1 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET: MARKET STRUCTURE 24

    FIGURE 2 KEY TAKEAWAYS OF THE GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET 25

    FIGURE 3 NORTH AMERICA: MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY (2020 VS 2027) 27

    FIGURE 4 EUROPE: MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY (2020 VS 2027) 27

    FIGURE 5 ASIA-PACIFIC: MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY (2020 VS 2027) 28

    FIGURE 6 LATIN AMERICA: MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY (2020 VS 2027) 28

    FIGURE 7 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY (2020 VS 2027) 29

    FIGURE 8 GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY REGION, 2020 29

    FIGURE 9 RESEARCH PROCESS OF MRFR 31

    FIGURE 10 TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 34

    FIGURE 11 MARKET DYNAMICS OVERVIEW 36

    FIGURE 12 DRIVERS IMPACT ANALYSIS 38

    FIGURE 13 RESTRAINTS IMPACT ANALYSIS 39

    FIGURE 14 SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS 42

    FIGURE 15 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS OF THE GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET 43

    FIGURE 16 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 46

    FIGURE 17 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY TYPE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 46

    FIGURE 18 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 51

    FIGURE 19 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY MIXTURE, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 52

    FIGURE 20 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 59

    FIGURE 21 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY FUNCTION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 60

    FIGURE 22 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 65

    FIGURE 23 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET, BY END-USE INDUSTRY, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 66

    FIGURE 24 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 75

    FIGURE 25 GLOBAL GAS AND LIQUID ARGON MARKET BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KILO TONS) 76

    Global Gas and Liquid Argon Market: Competitive Landscape


    The competitive landscape is an analysis of the degree of competition among industry players as well as industry growth and the market scenario. The global gas and liquid argon market is expected to witness significant growth in the coming years on account of widespread use of argon in metal fabrication and production. The global gas and liquid argon market consists of a significant number of tier-1 and tier-2 manufacturers. Therefore, major market players are focusing on the capacity expansion of their domestic and overseas facilities to meet the rising demand for gas and liquid argon. Additionally, the players in the market are focusing on acquiring some of the regional manufacturers and suppliers of argon to increase their global presence. According to MRFR analysis, the global gas and liquid argon market has a huge revenue base in Asia-Pacific, Europe, and North America. This is mainly due to the presence of major gas and liquid argon consumers and growing metal fabrication and automotive industries in these regions.


    The prominent players operating in the global gas and liquid argon market are Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals Inc, Praxair Inc, The Linde Group, and Messer Group.


    Air Liquide is a world leader in gases, technologies, and services for industrial and health sectors. The company operates in the market through three major business segments, namely, gas and services, global market and technologies, and engineering and construction. In May 2016, Air Liquide acquired Airgas, Inc, a supplier of industrial, medical, and specialty gases in the US.  This acquisition positioned Air Liquide as the largest player in the North American market. This transaction also extended the company’s customer base through a unique, multi-channel distribution network and a nationwide presence in the US.


    Air Products and Chemicals, Inc is one of the leading industrial gases company in the world. The company engages in providing atmospheric and process gases, and related equipment to refining and petrochemical, metals, electronics, and food and beverage markets. In October 2016, Air Products and Chemicals Inc, a leading industrial gases company announced to build a new large air separation unit (LASU) in Ulsan, South Korea. This development is in line with the company’s strategy to meet the increasing demand for industrial gases in the region. This expansion is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2018 with a production capacity of 1,750 tons per day of gaseous and liquefied oxygen, nitrogen, and argon.


    Praxair, Inc is the leading industrial gas company in North and South America. It is focused on developing and implementing applications that aid customers in reducing operating costs, enhance process efficiencies, and improve their environmental performance. In addition to this, the company is keen on minimizing its environmental resource intensity and maximizing social and environmental contributions. Atmospheric gases (oxygen, nitrogen, argon) and process gases (carbon dioxide, helium, hydrogen, electronic gases, specialty gases, acetylene) are offered under the industrial gases segment.


    The Linde Group is one of the major players in the international gases market. It has gases and engineering operations in more than 100 countries globally. In January 2017, The Linde group announced to open a new custom-engineered air separation plant in Adel, US. The group announced an investment of USD 40 million. The new large-scale air separation unit would supplement markets currently supplied by plants in Cartersville and Aiken, S.C. The plant is scheduled to be completed by the first quarter of 2019.


    Messer Group is the largest privately held specialist in industrial, medical, and specialty gases in the world. The group has more than 90 operating companies in 35 countries across Europe, Asia, America, and Algeria. It mainly focuses on its business diversification and development on technologies to make the customers’ production processes more efficient and resource friendly. In April 2017, Messer Group and Hoe Phat Steel, the largest steel producer in Vietnam, signed a contract for the construction of two plants for the production of industrial gases. According to the terms of the agreement, Messer supplies oxygen, nitrogen, and argon to steelworks by pipeline. Both the plants will start operations in the Dung Quat economic zone in Southern Central Vietnam by November 2018. This is the largest industrial gases production facility in Vietnam. Messer invested a total of over USD 90 million.