Hydrogel Market Research Report- Forecast to 2023

Hydrogel Market Research Report- Forecast to 2023

ID: MRFR/CnM/3321-HCRR | July, 2018 | Region: Global | 135 pages | Half-Cooked Research Reports

Global Hydrogel Market Information- by Type (Natural, Synthetic and Hybrid), by Composition (Polyacrylate, Polyacrylamide, Silicon), by Form (Amorphous, Semi Crystalline, Crystalline), by Application (Agriculture, Health Care and Hygiene, Contact Lenses, Drug Delivery Systems, Tissue Engineering and Others) – Forecast till 2023


Synopsis of Hydrogel Market:


Hydrogel is composed of a three dimensional network structure that holds large volumes of water due to its hydrophilic structure. It is manufactured by using sodium polyacrylate, polyvinyl alcohol, acrylate polymers, and different polymers. Viscoelastic, lubricious, multifunctional and permeable properties are the important trends and factors influencing the market confidently. Due to these features, it is used in various applications such as agriculture, healthcare and hygiene, contact lenses, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and others.


As per our survey, the Global Hydrogel Market is segmented into type, composition, form and application. The raw material by type is further divided into natural, synthetic and hybrid hydrogel. Among these, synthetic gels segment holds a major share in the market due to its growing use in the fields of medicine, biotechnology, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. The hybrid gel segment is estimated to witness a rapid growth in the market owing to its increased consumption in the application of microwaves and medicine. On the basis of composition, the market is sub-divided into polyacrylate, polyacrylamide and silicon hydrogels. Among these segments, polyacrylate and polyacrylamide hydrogel segments hold a majority of the market due to extraordinary features offered by the product such as elasticity, transparency and water absorbing ability. In this market, amorphous, semi crystalline and crystalline segments are segregated on the basis of form. Agriculture, healthcare and hygiene, contact lenses, drug delivery systems, tissue engineering, and others are the classifications of application segment. Moreover, the growing use of hydrogel in agriculture segment is estimated to drive the market during the forecast period, 2017-2023. 


The Global Hydrogel Market Share by Application:Hydrogel Market


Regional Analysis:


The Global Hydrogel Market is segmented into five regions of the world namely Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa. Among these, North America holds a major share of the market due to the growing demand for hydrogel in agriculture, biotechnology and medicine, tissue engineering, and others. The contact lenses segment is predicted to witness a rapid growth in the market due to its growing production and consumption in countries such as U.S.A, Canada and Mexico. It is estimated the tissue engineering segment is set to witness a higher growth in the market during the forecast period, 2017-2023.


The Asia Pacific region has achieved an enormous growth due to growing population and rising per capita income. It is projected that the synthetic hydrogel segment is set to witness a higher CAGR owing to its growing demand in agriculture, health care and hygiene, drug delivery systems, and others. Due to these factors, countries such as China, Japan and India are the leading players of this region.


Europe has observed a significant progress in the Hydrogel Market owing to its growing demand for personal & health care products such as baby diapers, sanitary napkins and paper towels. These gels are widely used in these segments to provide cooling effect and comfort to the human beings. It is estimated that the high disposable income and advancing technology has propelled the hydrogel market to witness a higher growth, during the forecast period. Therefore, Germany, the U.K. and Italy are the leading players in this region.


The Latin American region is estimate to witness a recognized development in the market due to growing consumption of hydrogel in contact lenses, biotechnology and medicine, tissue engineering, and others. Moreover, the Middle East & Africa is anticipated to witness a higher growth in the market due to increasing demand of hydrogel in biomedical application such as tissue engineering, drug delivery systems and wound dressings.


Segmental Analysis:


The Global Hydrogel Market is bifurcated into type, composition, form and application. On the basis of type, the market is further categorized into natural, synthetic and hybrid hydrogels. Among these, synthetic hydrogel segment holds the majority of the market due to its growing consumption in biotechnology and medicine, drug delivery systems, and others. The hybrid gels segment is predicted to witness a rapid growth in the market due to increasing utilization of product in tissue engineering and nanotechnology. By composition, the market is further subdivided into polyacrylate, polyacrylamide, and silicon hydrogel. The polyacrylate and polyacrylamide hydrogel segments are leading the market due to its growing consumption in tissue engineering and biomedical applications. By form, the market is further divided into amorphous, crystalline and semi crystalline hydrogels. The application segment is further differentiated into agriculture, healthcare and hygiene, contact lenses, drug delivery systems, tissue engineering, and others. Among these, healthcare and hygiene segment is the leading player in the market.


Key Players:


Some of the prominent players operating in the Global Hydrogel Market are Johnson & Johnson Private Limited (U.S.A), Cardinal Health (U.S.A), The Cooper Companies, Inc. (U.S.A), Dow Corning Corporation (U.S.A), R&D Medical Products Inc (U.S.A), H.B. Fuller Company (U.S.A), Alliqua BioMedical, Inc (U.S.A), Axelgaard Manufacturing Co., Ltd.(U.S.A), BSN medical (Germany) among others.


Geographical Analysis:


The report covers brief analysis of the major geographic regions namely Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.


Intended Audience



  • Hydrogel Manufacturers

  • Traders and Distributors of Hydrogel

  • Production Process Industries

  • Potential Investors

  • Raw Material Suppliers

  • Nationalized Laboratory

Table of Contents:

1 Executive Summary

2 Scope of the Report

2.1 Market Definition

2.2 Scope of the Study

2.2.1 Research Objectives

2.2.2 Assumptions & Limitations

2.3 Markets Structure

3 Market Research Methodology

3.1 Research Process

3.2 Secondary Research

3.3 Primary Research

3.4 Forecast Model

4 Market Landscape

4.1 Five Forces Analysis

4.1.1 Threat of New Entrants

4.1.2 Bargaining power of buyers

4.1.3 Threat of substitutes

4.1.4 Segment rivalry

4.2 Value Chain/Supply Chain of Global hydrogel Market

5 Industry Overview of Global hydrogel Market

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Growth Drivers

5.3 Impact analysis

5.4 Market Challenges

6 Market Trends

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Growth Trends

6.3 Impact analysis

7. Global hydrogel Market by Type

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Natural hydrogel

7.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

7.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

7.3 Synthetic hydrogel

7.3.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

7.3.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

7.4 Hybrid hydrogel

7.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

7.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

8. Global hydrogel Market by Composition

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Polyacrylate

8.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

8.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

8.3 Polyacrylamide

8.3.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

8.3.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

8.4 Silicon

8.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

8.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

9. Global hydrogel Market by Form

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Amorphous

9.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

9.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

9.3 Crystalline

9.3.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

9.3.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

9.4 Semi Crystalline

9.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

9.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

10. Global hydrogel Market by Application

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Agriculture

10.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

10.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

10.3 Health care and hygiene

10.3.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

10.3.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

10.4 Contact lenses

10.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

10.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

10.5 Drug delivery systems

10.5.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

10.5.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

10.6 Others

10.6.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

10.6.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Region, 2017-2023

11. Global hydrogel Market by Region

11.1 Introduction

11.2 North America

11.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.2.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.2.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.2.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.2.5 U.S.A

11.2.5.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.2.5.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.2.5.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.2.5.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.2.5.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.2.6 Mexico

11.2.6.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.2.6.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.2.6.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.2.6.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.2.6.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.2.7 Canada

11.2.7.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.2.7.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.2.7.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.2.7.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.2.7.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.3 Europe

11.3.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.3.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.3.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.3.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.3.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.3.1 Germany

11.3.1.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.3.1.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.3.1.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.3.1.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.3.1.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.3.2. France

11.3.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.3.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.3.2.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.3.2.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.3.2.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.3.4 Italy

11.3.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.3.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.3.4.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.3.4.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.3.4.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.3.4 Spain

11.3.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.3.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.3.4.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition 2017-2023

11.3.4.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.3.4.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.3.5 UK

11.3.5.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.3.5.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.3.5.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.3.5.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.2.5.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4 Asia Pacific

11.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4.6 China

11.4.6.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.6.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.6.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.6.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.6.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4.7 India

11.4.7.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.7.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.7.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.7.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.7.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4.8 Japan

11.4.8.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.8.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.8.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.8.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.8.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4.9 Australia

11.4.9.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.9.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.9.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.9.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.9.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4.10 New Zealand

11.4.10.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.10.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.10.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.10.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.10.5. Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.4.11 Rest of Asia Pacific

11.4.11.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.4.11.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.4.11.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.4.11.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.4.11.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.5 Middle East & Africa

11.5.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.5.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.5.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.5.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.5.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.5.1 Turkey

11.5.1.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.5.1.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.5.1.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.5.1.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.5.1.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.5.2 Israel

11.5.2.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.5.2.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.5.2.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.5.2.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.5.2.5. Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.5.3 North Africa

11.5.3.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.5.3.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.5.3.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.5.3.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.5.3.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.5.4 GCC

11.5.4.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.5.4.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.5.4.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.5.4.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.5.4.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.5.6 Rest of Middle East & Africa

11.5.6.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.5.6.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.5.6.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.5.6.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.5.6.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.6 Latin America

11.6.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.6.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.6.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.6.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.6.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.6.6 Brazil

11.6.6.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.6.6.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.6.6.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.6.6.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.6.6.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.6.7 Argentina

11.6.7.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.6.7.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.6.7.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.6.7.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.6.7.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

11.6.8 Rest of Latin America

11.6.8.1 Market Estimates & Forecast, 2017-2023

11.6.8.2 Market Estimates & Forecast by Type, 2017-2023

11.6.8.3 Market Estimates & Forecast by Composition, 2017-2023

11.6.8.4 Market Estimates & Forecast by Form, 2017-2023

11.6.8.5 Market Estimates & Forecast by Application, 2017-2023

12. Company Landscape

13. Company Profiles

13.1 Johnson & Johnson Private Limited

13.1.1 Company Overview

13.1.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.1.3 Financial Updates

13.1.4 Key Developments

13.2 Cardinal Health

13.2.1 Company Overview

13.2.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.2.3 Financial Updates

13.2.4 Key Developments

13.3 The Cooper Companies, Inc.

13.3.1 Company Overview

13.3.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.3.3 Financial Updates

13.3.4 Key Developments

13.4 Dow Corning Corporation

13.4.1 Company Overview

13.4.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.4.3 Financial Updates

13.4.4 Key Developments

13.5 R&D Medical Products Inc

13.5.1 Company Overview

13.5.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.5.3 Financial Updates

13.5.4 Key Developments

13.6 H.B. Fuller Company

13.6.1 Company Overview

13.6.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.6.3 Financial Updates

13.6.4 Key Developments

13.7 Alliqua BioMedical, Inc

13.7.1 Company Overview

13.7.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.7.3 Financial Updates

13.7.4 Key Developments

13.8 Axelgaard Manufacturing Co., Ltd.,

13.8.1 Company Overview

13.8.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.8.3 Financial Updates

13.8.4 Key Developments

13.9 BSN medical

13.9.1 Company Overview

13.9.2 Product/Business Segment Overview

13.9.3 Financial Updates

13.9.4 Key Developments

14 Conclusion



List of Tables:

Table 1 World Population by Major Regions (2017 To 2030)

Table 2 Global hydrogel Market: By Region, 2017-2023

Table 3 North America hydrogel Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table 4 Europe hydrogel Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table 5 Asia-Pacific hydrogel Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table 6 Middle East & Africa hydrogel Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table 7 Latin America hydrogel Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table 8 Global hydrogel by Type Market: By Regions, 2017-2023

Table 9 North America hydrogel by Type Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table10 Europe hydrogel by Type Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table11 Asia-Pacific hydrogel by Type Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table12 Middle East & Africa hydrogel by Type Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table13 Latin America hydrogel by Type Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table14 Global hydrogel by Application Market: By Regions, 2017-2023

Table15 North America hydrogel by Application Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table16 Europe hydrogel by Application Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table17 Asia-Pacific hydrogel by Application Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table18 Middle East & Africa hydrogel by Application Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table19 Latin America hydrogel by Application Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table20 North America hydrogel for Form Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table21 Europe hydrogel for Form Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table22 Asia-Pacific hydrogel for Form Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table23 Middle East & Africa hydrogel for Form Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table24 Latin America hydrogel for Form Market: By Country, 2017-2023

Table25 Global Type Market: By Region, 2017-2023

Table26 Global Form Market: By Region, 2017-2023

Table27 Global Form Market: By Region, 2017-2023

Table28 North America hydrogel Market, By Country

Table29 North America hydrogel Market, By Type

Table30 North America hydrogel Market, By Composition

Table31 North America hydrogel Market, By Form

Table32 North America hydrogel Market, By Application

Table33 Europe: hydrogel Market, By Country

Table34 Europe: hydrogel Market, By Type

Table35 Europe: hydrogel Market, By Composition

Table36 Europe: hydrogel Market, By Form

Table 37 Europe: hydrogel Market, By Application

Table38 Asia-Pacific: hydrogel Market, By Country

Table39 Asia-Pacific: hydrogel Market, By Type

Table40 Asia-Pacific: hydrogel Market, By Composition

Table41 Asia-Pacific: hydrogel Market, By Form

Table 42 Asia-Pacific: hydrogel Market, By Application

Table43 Middle East & Africa: hydrogel Market, By Country

Table44 Middle East & Africa hydrogel Market, By Type

Table45 Middle East & Africa hydrogel Market, By Composition

Table46 Middle East & Africa: hydrogel Market, By Form

Table47 Middle East & Africa: hydrogel Market, By Application

Table48 Latin America: hydrogel Market, By Country

Table49 Latin America hydrogel Market, By Type

Table50 Latin America hydrogel Market, By Composition

Table51 Latin America: hydrogel Market, By Form

Table52 Latin America: hydrogel Market, By Application



List Of Figures:

FIGURE 1 Global hydrogel market segmentation

FIGURE 2 Forecast Methodology

FIGURE 3 Five Forces Analysis of Global hydrogel Market

FIGURE 4 Value Chain of Global hydrogel Market

FIGURE 5 Share of Global hydrogel Market in 2017, by country (in %)

FIGURE 6 Global hydrogel Market, 2017-2023,

FIGURE 7 Sub segments of Type

FIGURE 10 Global hydrogel Market size by Type, 2017

FIGURE 10 Share of Global hydrogel Market by Type, 2017 TO 2023

FIGURE 10 Global hydrogel Market size by Composition, 2017

FIGURE 11 Share of Global hydrogel Market by Composition, 2017 TO 2023

FIGURE 12 Global hydrogel Market size by Form, 2017

FIGURE 13 Share of Global hydrogel Market by Form, 2017 TO 2023

FIGURE 14 Global hydrogel Market size by Application, 2017 TO 2023

FIGURE 15 Share of Global hydrogel Market by Application, 2017 TO 2023