The DNA forensics market size is projected to reach USD 4.04 billion by 2030 at 10.8% CAGR during the forecast period 2022 – 2030.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) test is used in forensic science to identify criminals with solid biological shreds of evidence. Each person has a unique DNA identity and through DNA forensics, one can identify criminals, diagnose hereditary diseases, practice forensic medicine, investigate malignant processes, and detect infectious pathogens. Genetic material is most commonly recovered from tissues, bones, blood, saliva, hair, teeth, and sperm. The market has been segmented based on source, technique, and method. The market is driven by factors that include increasing crime rate across the globe, government initiatives and funds for forensic programs. Additionally, advanced technology in DNA forensics and growing organic and inorganic strategies by key service providers are projected as growth opportunities. However, the high cost of DNA detection techniques and a lack of skilled professionals are hampering the growth of the market.
The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the market owing to the lower number of crimes because of lockdown and social distancing. As well, it has reduced traditional crimes such as robbery, theft, and assault on women and children in 2020 and 2021. Apart from the crime rate decrement, there were high chances of getting infected by the study's biological samples, including body fluids, body swabs, saliva, blood, bone, teeth, and tissue samples. Furthermore, as per the research, there was a 23% decrement in staffing in the DNA forensics science laboratory in 2020, which reduced the forensic laboratory budget and contributed to the slow growth of the market.
DNA Forensics Market Dynamics
DNA Forensics Market Value Chain Analysis
The global DNA forensics market is estimated to witness the remarkable growth over the forecast period due to major role of several drivers include rising in technological development, increase in the criminal cases, and strong increase in government funding. The value chain analysis for the market comprises five major components, which start with research & product development, followed by the manufacturing of the products, distribution & sales, and ends with post-marketing surveillance.
DNA Forensics Market Segment Overview
By Product Type
Analyzers and sequencers are automated systems that have the capacity of sequencing DNA or examining fragments in forensic laboratories. These analyzers use sources such as blood, hair, and others for accurate results. It can analyze 96 different lanes on a single gel and has the capacity to analyze 384 sequencing reactions simultaneously.
The software can acquire and analyze the digital evidence collected from the suspect device and has major benefits, such as being able to solve complex criminal investigations and cold cases. There are many chances that a suspect can delete or hide their evidence from computers, but forensic software can assist in recovering the data. Furthermore, certain services related to DNA forensics are available, including increasing capacity, maintaining control of cases, reducing handling to save time & money, preventing & potentially eliminating backlogs, and processing & solving more cases.
Reagents and kits are used to carry out analysis in optimized multi-component surface chemistry to deliver superior DNA yield from most forensic sample types, including body fluids, stains, and swabs of body fluids. In an automated or manual application, these kits and reagents are designed to increase the overall yield and concentration of DNA recovered from both routine and challenging samples.
The hair samples are the imperative resources that help in the identification of criminals. Different humans have different hair root appearance, color, texture, and shape, and forensic scientists can identify which part of the body this hair has been shed from, as well as the human's race, gender, and age, using a hair sample. This type of evidence is generally used for homicide, sexual, and aggravated assault.
Blood plays an important role between the forensic scientist and the investigator during the criminal investigation of violent crimes involving blood traces, which is the strongest way to identify the victim or the suspect. It involves violent crimes as well as other types of criminal events such as traffic accidents or property crimes. Hence, the rising prevalence of criminal cases across the globe fuels segment growth.
The bone is another identification source, which is strong evidence because DNA is accumulated in abundance in the calcified matrix which is present in the bones. One of the two techniques generally performed by forensic scientists to identify the victim via bones is fast disaster victim identification (DVI), and the other one is DNA profiling. The DVI works faster and gives more accurate results than profiling could. The victim or suspect can be identified through these techniques within 12 hours, and that is why investigators preferred DVI, which further fosters the bone segment's growth.
Other sources include semen, saliva, tissue & cells, urine, and feces. They play a major role in identifying DNA, which boosts the overall source segment’s growth.
Next generation sequencing (NGS) technology has the capacity to deliver far more insight from forensic DNA with higher resolution as compared to traditional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and capillary electrophoresis (CE) methods. It allows examiners to generate data from the human genome and can target short tandem repeats (STR), single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), mitochondrial DNA, and X and Y chromosomal markers. NGS technology is important in cases like mass disasters or other events where forensic specimens and samples are compromised and degraded.
Capillary electrophoresis is used for separating and detecting STR alleles in forensic DNA laboratories across the globe. It is a fast, sensitive, and reliable detection method that can work under any condition without a break. It is also used for the investigation of post-blast, gunshot, and low levels of explosives. CE has become increasingly popular as being advantageous in requiring a small sample, minimizing the destruction of the document, as well as having the capacity to distinguish between different ink types and colors.
PCR amplification is a type of method that uses a sample without involving DNA extraction, purification, or quantification. This technique allows maximum quantities of DNA to be targeted, minimizing contamination, error, time of process as well as monetary resources. Further, it can provide appropriate results through complex mixtures through increased DNA detection sensitivity.
Forensic DNA technologies target STR and SNP loci to empower the generation of leads, even in cold cases. The NGS in crime laboratories has the capacity to address hundreds of markers in a single test. Moreover, as per the researchers, CE resolution provides appropriate data for gunshot residue (GSR) casework. PCR amplifies and analyses biological samples to detect crimes such as sexual assault and murder.
DNA profiling offers significant advantages for identifying missing people using primarily femur bone and buccal swabs. Furthermore, researchers have found that missing person identification can be done appropriately through forensic dentistry that is effective, rapid, and cost-effective.
Others include paternity and kinship analyses and disaster victim identification (DVI). In paternity and kinship analyses, autosomal STR markers are routinely used to examine the maternal line as well as Y-STRs are used to study the paternal line. DVI involves a variety of data sources along with experts, including anthropology, genetics, odontology, and pathology.
DNA Forensics Market Regional Analysis
The DNA forensics market based on the region has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World.
The North American region, comprising the US and Canada, held the largest market share in 2021. The factors involved in the North America region supporting the growth of the market are technological advancements in forensic science; increased acceptance of private and public DNA forensic firms; and an accelerated pace of government funding and investments in R&D. Furthermore, the US and Canadian populations accept advanced technology and are well aware of its forensic benefits, which increases the demand for novel products. For instance, in 2018, the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported that the murder number was 16,214, and this required innovative and advanced equipment in the DNA forensic laboratories. Due to this, the North American market is growing.
The European region, which includes Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, and the rest of Europe, is expected to have a significant market share in 2021. The region's market growth has been continuously growing owing to the presence of key players, the introduction of new products, and advancements in technology. For instance, in October 2019, Verogen, Inc. (US) partnered with Cellmark Forensic Services (UK) in order to launch the UK's first ISO17025-accredited forensic NGS service. Furthermore, the rising prevalence of homicide cases supports the market growth in the region. For instance, in 2020, as per Eurostat, 3.5% of homicide cases increased, and in 2019, women accounted for 37% of homicide victims. Hence, the increasing strategic alliances and the rising prevalence of homicide cases further boost the market growth in the region.
The Asia-Pacific region is expected to show the highest CAGR during the forecast period. There are several factors driving the market towards growth in the region, such as growing awareness of innovative technology and the pivot of the government to solve pending cases. Moreover, several companies are expanding their DNA forensic technology business to meet the region's high demand for forensic technology. For instance, Berkeley Research Group, LLC (US), launched a forensic technology practice based in Singapore in order to meet the demand of clients related to investigation-focused technology and analytics services in Asia-Pacific. Hence, the launch of such new sites in order to fully fill clients' demand further fuels the region's growth.
Rest of the World
The rest of the world, which includes the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America, is expected to grow slower than other regions due to a lack of knowledge of cutting-edge technology, inadequate funding, and investments, making it difficult to afford for the underprivileged class. However, as per the studies, STR markers have not become the most preferred technique used by forensic scientists across the world, though it has been widely used in the rest of the world, which further supports the market. Furthermore, the government's focus on crime scene investigation further requires forensic scientists and equipment to support the region's growth. For instance, in 2018, International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) launched a multi-year law enforcement mission that focuses on forensic services, crime scene investigations, internal investigations, organized crime investigations, and specialized training management. Therefore, government support and increasing utilization of forensics technology are fueling the region’s growth.
DNA Forensics Market Competitive Landscape
The companies are actively participating and strategizing to take the market towards growth. They are significantly investing in R&D activities, developing innovative equipment, and increasing their population to anticipate the growth of the market. In addition, the market players are adopting several strategic initiatives such as new product launches, contractual agreements, mergers and acquisitions, increasing investments, and partnering with other players to expand their global footprint.
Thermo Fisher Scientific (US) is one of the key market players, founded in 1956. The company specializes in various biotechnology products such as analytical instruments, laboratory equipment, lab services, specialty diagnostics, and others. They possess a diverse product portfolio of instruments and consumables, including centrifuges, automated liquid handling, and pipetting systems. In March 2021, the company collaborated with the National Forensic Sciences University (NFSU) and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). This collaboration is to set up the NSFU as a Thermo Fisher Scientific (US) Center of Excellence which focuses on providing training and conducting research in the DNA field.
List of companies covered in this report:
DNA Forensics Market Recent Developments
DNA Forensics Market Report Overview
The study covers the existing short-term and long-term market effects. It helps decision-makers to draught short-term and long-term business plans by region. The report covers major regions in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World. The report analyzes market drivers, restraints, opportunities, challenges, porter's five forces, value chain, and impact of COVID-19 on the market.
Global DNA Forensics Market, By Product Type
Global DNA Forensics Market, By Source
Global DNA Forensics Market, By Technique
Global DNA Forensics Market, By Application
Global DNA Forensics Market, By Region
|Market Size||2030: USD 4.04 Billion|
|Historical Data||2018 to 2020|
|Forecast Units||Value (USD Million)|
|Report Coverage||Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, and Trends|
|Segments Covered||Product Type, Source, Technique, and Application|
|Geographies Covered||North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World|
|Key Vendors||Thermo Fisher Scientific (US), Agilent Technologies (US), Mawi DNA Technologies LLC, Hamilton Company, QIAGEN NV (Netherlands) Illumina, Inc. (US), Oxygen Forensics, Inc. (Virginia), Genetics Technology (Australia), Promega Corporation (US), and LGC Ltd (UK)|
|Key Market Opportunities||• Extensive use and rapid advancement of forensic testing technology • Rising in partnership and collaborations among service providers|
|Key Market Drivers||• Increasing prevalence of the crimes • Rising in funds to support the forensic R&D|
DNA forensics market size is projected to reach USD 4.04 billion at 10.8% CAGR during the forecast period 2022 – 2030.
Thermo Fisher Scientific (US), Agilent Technologies (US), Mawi DNA Technologies LLC, Hamilton Company, QIAGEN NV (Netherlands) Illumina, Inc. (US), Oxygen Forensics, Inc. (Virginia), Genetics Technology (Australia), Promega Corporation (US), and LGC Ltd (UK) are the key players in the market
North America is predicted to lead the market of DNA Forensics.
Increasing prevalence of the crimes and Rising in funds to support the forensic R&D are the major driving factor.
Accuracy issues due to the low DNA sample and Dearth of skilled forensic experts are the market deterrents.