Polyethylene (PE) is a member of the important family of the polyolefin resin. It is the most widely used plastic across the globe. Ethylene's catalytic polymerization prepares them. It is a thermoplastic polymer that consists of long chains produced by a combination of monomer molecules, i.e., ethylene. The primary use of polyethylene is packaging film, wire and cable insulation, squeeze bottles, trash and grocery bags, agricultural mulch, toys, and housewares. Polyethylene is one of the most common types of consumer plastic. It is used in many everyday materials. Since it is a thermoplastic product, it can be melted into a liquid and then cooled back into a solid repeatedly. High-density polyethylene is strong and resistant to chemicals and moisture, which makes it ideal for containers, cartons, pipes, and other building materials. Examples are milk cartons, cereal box liners, toys, detergent bottles, buckets, rigid pipes, and park benches.
Technological advancements and developments of high voltage cross-linked polyethylene are contributing to the revenue growth of the polyethylene industry. The ever increasing demand for various products and the need for plastic containers in various manufacturing industries, as well as in packaging industries and households, are contributing factors to the relatively high demand for polyethylene.
The many advantages of plastics are low-cost, imperviousness to water, and ease of manufacturing. This has resulted in the extensive use of plastics in the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Another factor driving the polyethylene industry is the rising demand for plastic packaging solutions to protect various products. The construction sector also registers a high demand for polyethylene. This polyethylene material's rigidity and tensile strength are the reason for the steady demand for its infrastructure applications.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the dynamic rise of the e-commerce sector increased demand for plastics for packaging in various categories of industries. From the food & beverage, healthcare, and pharmaceutical industries everywhere, PE was in demand, driving market revenue growth significantly. Even though the use of so much plastic is concerning due to the detrimental environmental effects, the plastic market is growing and will continue to do so because of the nature of its use. The emergence of plastic packaging materials that are environmentally sustainable is also expected to support the growth of the polyethylene industry.
Manufacturers' increased attention to effective packaging materials and solutions to reduce quality loss and risk of food contamination can contribute to polyethylene market revenue growth. PE is a light material that is simple to transport, minimizing the carbon footprint associated with transportation, and doesn't take up a lot of storage space.
Plastic bags are easily recyclable and cost less energy than other packaging materials like paper or jute. It produces 80% less solid waste than paper. But, plastic pollution can be physically dangerous, as many plastics are toxic and have a negative impact on human health. Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates are plastic toxins detected in children over six. Plastic pollution in oceans impacts aquatic life, birds, the food chain, and the ecosystem as a whole. Understandably, 50% of plastics, such as plastic bottles, coffee cup lids, and food packaging, are harming the environment, but they are made for single use. In this throwaway culture, only 5% of plastic generated is recovered. Estimations say that at least 8.3 billion tonnes of plastic have been produced since the development of the plastics industry.
As some regional analyses state, the polyethylene industry of Asia-Pacific is expected to register the largest revenue share during the forecast period. This is due to polyethylene being among the most used plastics in countries such as India, South Korea, and China.