Everything you should know about Epilepsy

February 2021

Epilepsy is a disorder where the activities in the nerve cells of the brain get disturbed because of the repeated seizures. There are many types of epilepsy and there are many kinds of seizures. Epilepsy can disturb the everyday life of a person especially when there are continuous events of seizures. And to lead a normal everyday life, the people who have epilepsy can undergo surgery, can take medicines, or maintain a proper diet.

According to the researches, epilepsy is very common, in 2015 there were about 3 million adults and, 470,000 children had epilepsy in the United States. Near about 3.4 million active cases of epilepsy were there in the year 2015 which is more than the population of Montana or Delaware.

Here is the list of the things you should know about epilepsy

  •         Confusion about the seizures - A person who is having a seizure feels confused; makes unusual body movements, not able to talk properly or not able to answer any questions, and stays confuse most of the time. Sometimes these symptoms might look like seizures but they can be a symptom of a different disease. You need to understand the different kinds of seizures in order to recognize the actual symptoms.

  •         First aids for seizures – There are high chances of 1 out of every 10 people might have seizures; in short, this disorder is very common. You should be aware of the basic first aid, a person needs during a time of emergency. You need to stay with the person who is having a seizure attack until it’s gone on its own or you can call 911 for help when the situation is not under control.

  •         People who have epilepsy can live a normal life – It is a myth that people who have epilepsy cannot lead a normal life like people who don’t have epilepsy. In fact, there are several people with epilepsy who are more successful as compared to the other people. However, there are few kinds of epilepsy where the condition is uncontrollable, in such cases the person finds it hard to perform daily life activities.

  •         Preventable causes of epilepsy – There is a certain condition that can be caused by epilepsy that directly affects the brain of the person. Sometimes the cause is completely unknown. The leading cause of epilepsy is traumatic brain injuries, stroke, cysticercosis (infection), etc and even the complications of the pregnancy can be a preventable cause of epilepsy.

Worst scenarios when you need to consult your doctor immediately

Look for immediate help if

  •         The duration of seizure is more than 5 minutes

  • Once the seizure stops the person is having a breathing problem or doesn’t come back to its senses

  •         One after another seizure immediately

  •         High fever along with the seizure attacks

  •         Heat exhaustion in the body

  •         Any pregnant lady who is having a seizure attack

  •         A diabetic patient having a seizure attack

  •         A severe injury during the seizures


However, you need to consult your doctor when you are having a seizure for the first time, seek immediate medical help.

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