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Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market Research Report Information by Application (Diesel, Naphtha, Natural Gas, Others), and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa) - Forecast till 2030

ID: MRFR/CnM/9152-HCR | 150 Pages | Author: Priya Nagrale| April 2024

Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market- Overview

The Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market is projected to register a CAGR of over 4% during the forecast period, 2020‚Äď2028, with North America being the leading regional market.

Hydrodesulfurization, one of the most important processes in the oil refining industry, is a catalytic chemical process used to reduce pollutants in the fraction of petroleum distillates. It is widely used to remove sulfurfrom natural gas and refined petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene, and fuel oils. The catalysts used in this process are Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market. Crude oil contains a complex mixture of sulfur compounds, such as sulfides, disulfides, and thiols. The industrial hydrodesulfurization processes include facilities for capturing and removing the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas formed after the reaction of sulfur gases with hydrodesulfurization catalysts. In petroleum refineries, hydrogen sulfide gas is subsequently converted into byproduct elemental sulfur or sulfuric acid (H2SO4).

The purpose of removing the sulfur from these fuel oils and natural gas is to reduce the sulfur dioxide emissions resulting fromseveral combustions. In the catalystic reforming units, the removal of sulfur is important as it can poisons the noble metal catalysts such as rhenium and platinum, evn at low concentrations. These are subsequently used to upgrading the octane rating of the naphtha streams. Damage to these precious metal catalysts can severely impact the process and leading tohigh costs.


  • Environmental issues concerning the pollution caused due to emission

Government bodies globally are concerned about the risingemission of harmful gases in the atmosphere due tothe combustion of hydrocarbons, leading to alarming air pollution problems. However, with the continual use of hydrocarbons as the main energy source, the pollutants such asSOx, CO, NOx, and hints of some heavy elements are generated by the combustion of fuels. Countries have made stringent environmental regulations considering this to decrease the amountof air pollutant emissions. Legislations have been issued worldwide to reduce the amount of sulfur content in transport fuels close to zerosulfur ppm (ultralow sulfur fuels). In the US, the Clean Air Act (Tier 3) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is focused on controlling the sulfur contents of gasoline and diesel fuels below 10 ppm. The Kyoto Protocol regulates the emission of CO2 by the petroleum refinery. However, with the decline in reserves of light oil supplies, the need to process heavy crudes with higher concentrations of sulfur, nitrogen, and metals is increasing. In this context, hydrodesulfurization (HDS) ishighly effective; hence, the demand for hydrodesulfurizationcatalysts is high.

  • Stringent regulations on sulfur content in fuels

Diesel, gasoline, and other non-transportation fuels hold about 70‚Äď80% of the petroleum refinery‚Äôs end-products. The refinery HDS feedstocks (naphtha, kerosene, diesel oil, and heavier oils) contain several organic sulfur compounds, including thiols, thiophenes, and organic sulfides and disulfides. These organic sulfur compounds result from the degradation of sulfur during the natural formation of crude petroleum oil.The environmental regulations in the US, Europe, and elsewhere mandate the diesel as ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD), which requires very deep hydrodesulfurization. The already recommended sulfur contents in the US were reduced from 30 ppm to 10 ppm for gasoline in Tier III, implemented from January 01, 2017. China has also limited the diesel and gasoline sulfur contents to 10 ppm in late 2017. In December 2010, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulated and reduced the amount of sulfur allowed in on-road diesel fuel to below 15 ppm. Germany has limited the sulfur contents in gasoline and diesel fuels to 10 ppm in the early 2000s. Furthermore, it is estimated thatzero ppm sulfur may be recommended for automobile fuels to achieve zero emissions worldwide in the upcoming decades. Therefore, an efficient catalytic hydrodesulfurization technology is the requirement of the time forcommercial production of sulfur-less automobile fuels.MARKET RESTRAINTS

  • High Technology Cost

The cost of production and distribution for sulfur-free fuels is high as compared to the conventionally produced fuels. The refining facilities necessitate higher capital costs to revamp existing units, precious metal catalystsand installation of new units to meet the stringent sulfur regulations. The transportation sections also require investments for the trustworthy transportation of fuels to customers. Altogether, these factors contribute to the elevated prices of sulfur-free fuels.MARKET OPPORTUNITIES

  • Growth opportunities in emerging economies of Asia-Pacific

COVID-19 Analysis:

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted hydrodesulfurization catalysts production due to the interruption in the supply chains worldwide. The global pandemic has reduced the supply of some products primarily due to the disruption inoperating capacities of production plants across China, which is the key producers of precious metals. Moreover, the manufacturers are also facing serious hurdlesnow due to disruptions in raw material supply and price fluctuations.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has both directly and indirectly impacted the shipping industry due to a decline in international trade activities across the globe. Due to the decline in demand and supply ratio, the container shipping industry is also operating at a low level as most logistics service providers have scaled down their operations. With the waningof transportation activities across the globe, the demand for fuel has declined significantly. This has resulted in an overall decline in the demand for catalysts in the hydrodesulfurization of diesel and gasoline.

  • The plunge in demand for oil, dropping oil prices, and declining investments in the oil sector are further likely to impact the oil production, creating challenges for the manufacturers.


  • Diesel: The diesel segment is the major application segment of the Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market, with a share of around 50% in 2020. With the increasingly stringent regulations on sulfur emissions from the combustion of diesel fuel, the demand for hydrodesulfurization catalystsis increasing for diesel desulfurization applications.

  • Naphtha: Naphtha catalytic reforming units use platinum as the catalyst to convert naphtha into high octane gasoline or aromatics. This platinum catalyst is easily poisoned by sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, and metallic components;hence it is essential to pre-treat naphtha before reforming.Naphtha is usually desulphurized in a catalytic hydrogenation unit and is then sent to a platinum reforming unit, where high-octane gasoline is produced. With the increasing demand for high gasoline octane, the demand for hydrodesulfurization catalysts is expected to increase, thus driving market growth.

  • Natural Gas: Hydrodesulfurization catalysts is used to eliminate the excess sulfur present in the natural gas.

  • Others: The others segment includes jet fuel, marine fuel, etc.

By Region

  • The geographical overview of the Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market has been conducted in five major regions, comprising North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.


  • North America: The North American Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market had the largest share of over 32% of the global market in 2020 due to stringent regulations over emissions from vehicles and industrial outputs. Moreover, the increasing concerns over human health and safety due to air pollution is the other key factor driving market growth in the region.

  • Asia-Pacific: The Asia-Pacific Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market is segmented into China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia & New Zealand, and other countries.China is the leading country-level market in the region, while India is expected to be the fastest-growing market in the region.

  • Europe: An increasing demand for heating oils, ultra-low sulfur main fuels, and other fuels is driving the growth of Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market in this region

  • Latin America: The growth of the Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market is attributed to the development of oil and gas refineries in this region.

  • Middle East & Africa: the countries in this region such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and UAE are focused on growing their refinery capacity, which is expected to generate the lucrative opportunities for the manufacturers in this region.


  • Albemarle Corporation (US)

  • China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (China)

  • Johnson Matthey (UK)

  • Royal Dutch Shell PLC (Netherlands)

  • Axens (US)

  • Clariant AG (Switzerland)

  • Honeywell International Inc (US)

  • HaldorTopsoe (Denmark)

  • Chiyoda Corporation (Japan)

  • Dorf Ketal Chemicals (US)

  • JGC Catalysts and Chemicals Ltd (Japan)

  • UNICAT Catalyst Technologies, LLC (US)

Report Attribute/Metric Details
  Market Size   2030: 3.68 Billion
  CAGR   4%(2022 to 2028)
  Base Year   2021
  Forecast Period   2022 to 2030
  Historical Data   2019 & 2020
  Forecast Units   Value (USD Million
  Report Coverage   Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, and Trends
  Segments Covered   Application and Region
  Geographies Covered   North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle-East, and Africa
  Key Vendors   Albemarle Corporation (US), China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (China), Johnson Matthey (UK), Royal Dutch Shell PLC (Netherlands), and Axens (US)
  Key Market Opportunities   Growth opportunities in emerging economies of Asia-Pacific
  Key Market Drivers Environmental issues concerning the pollution caused due to emission.\r\n Stringent regulations on sulfur content in fuels

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :

The global hydrodesulfurization catalysts market is estimated to be USD 3.68 Billion by 2030.

The rising environmental issues concerning the pollution caused due to emissionand stringent regulations of sulfur content in fuelsare the key driving factors responsible for the market growth in the European region.

North America holds the largest share in the global hydrodesulfurization catalysts market, followed by Asia-Pacific and Europe.

Albemarle Corporation (US), China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (China), Johnson Matthey (UK), Royal Dutch Shell PLC (Netherlands), and Axens (US) are some of the key players in the hydrodesulfurization catalysts market

Strategic initiatives such as mergers & acquisitions, expansion, collaborations, and technology/product launches are some of the strategies adopted by the players in the global hydrodesulfurization catalysts market to gain a larger competitive advantage.

Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market

Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Market is projected to be worth USD 3.68 Billion by 2028, registering a CAGR of 4% during the forecast period (2020 - 2028).

Application Diesel Naphtha Natural Gas
Key Players
Companies Profiled   Albemarle Corporation (US)   China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (China)   Johnson Matthey (UK)   Royal Dutch Shell PLC (Netherlands)   Axens (US)   Clariant AG (Switzerland)   Honeywell International Inc (US)   HaldorTopsoe (Denmark)   Chiyoda Corporation (Japan)   Dorf Ketal Chemicals (US)
Market Driving Forces   Environmental issues concerning the pollution caused due to emission.   Stringent regulations on sulfur content in fuels
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