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Earth Observation Satellite Market Analysis

ID: MRFR//4512-HCR | 100 Pages | Author: Swapnil Palwe| June 2024

The Earth observation satellite market is experiencing robust growth, driven by various factors that shape its dynamics. Earth observation satellites play a crucial role in monitoring and collecting data about the Earth's surface, atmosphere, and oceans for a wide range of applications, including environmental monitoring, natural resource management, disaster management, agriculture, urban planning, and defense intelligence. One of the primary drivers of this market is the increasing demand for actionable insights and geospatial information to support decision-making processes in various industries and sectors. As governments, organizations, and businesses seek to address global challenges such as climate change, natural disasters, and urbanization, there is a growing need for high-resolution Earth observation data and analytics to inform policy-making, planning, and resource allocation efforts.

Moreover, technological advancements in satellite technology are driving market dynamics in the Earth observation satellite sector. Innovations in satellite design, sensor technology, imaging resolution, and data processing capabilities have led to the development of advanced Earth observation satellites that offer higher spatial, spectral, and temporal resolution imagery. High-resolution satellite imagery enables more detailed and accurate monitoring of environmental changes, land use dynamics, and infrastructure development over time, providing valuable insights for various applications. Additionally, advancements in satellite miniaturization, constellation deployment, and launch vehicle technologies have lowered the cost of satellite deployment and increased the accessibility of Earth observation data, driving market expansion and democratizing access to space-based information.

Furthermore, the increasing demand for Earth observation data and analytics in disaster management and emergency response is shaping market dynamics in the Earth observation satellite sector. Earth observation satellites play a critical role in monitoring and assessing natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods, wildfires, and earthquakes, providing timely and actionable information to support disaster preparedness, response, and recovery efforts. Satellite-based remote sensing technologies enable rapid damage assessment, population displacement tracking, and infrastructure damage mapping in disaster-affected areas, facilitating more effective coordination and allocation of resources for humanitarian aid and relief operations. As climate-related disasters increase in frequency and severity, the demand for Earth observation satellite data for disaster management is expected to continue growing, presenting opportunities for satellite operators, data providers, and analytics firms in the market.

Moreover, the growing trend towards precision agriculture and sustainable land management practices is driving demand for Earth observation satellite data and analytics in the agriculture sector. Satellite-based remote sensing technologies enable farmers and agricultural stakeholders to monitor crop health, soil moisture levels, and environmental conditions with unprecedented detail and accuracy, allowing for more precise and efficient agricultural management practices. Earth observation data helps optimize crop yield, reduce water consumption, minimize fertilizer usage, and mitigate the environmental impact of agriculture, contributing to sustainable food production and environmental stewardship. As the global population grows and food security concerns mount, the demand for Earth observation satellite data for precision agriculture applications is expected to continue rising, driving market growth and innovation in the agriculture sector.

However, market dynamics in the Earth observation satellite sector also face challenges such as data privacy concerns, regulatory restrictions, and competition from alternative technologies. Ensuring the responsible use and ethical management of Earth observation data, particularly sensitive or personally identifiable information, is essential to maintaining public trust and regulatory compliance. Additionally, navigating national security regulations, export controls, and licensing requirements for satellite imagery and data may pose challenges for satellite operators and data providers operating in global markets. Moreover, competition from emerging technologies such as aerial drones, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and high-altitude platforms (HAPs) may impact market dynamics and market share for Earth observation satellite services.

Earth Observation Satellite Market Overview


Earth Observation Satellite Market Size is projected to reach $ 0.5 Billion by 2030, registering a CAGR of 6.90% During 2024-2032


Earth observation satellite is designed for non-military uses, such as monitoring and predicting climatic patterns, assessing damage during natural disasters, estimation of crop yields, surface geology mapping, and mineral deposits, and availability of water sources. It works at an altitude of 800 Km using remote-sensing techniques to collect data on the chemical, physical, and biological aspects of the earth system. This method permits the measurement of geology parameters of the world from the orbit with the use of high-resolution cameras and advanced sensors. It conjointly facilitates the management of earth’s natural resources in a resourceful manner. The satellite-based earth observation sector is witnessing a rapid growth during the forecast period. However, there are some shortcomings in operating performance of the earth observation satellite, such as high initial investment cost, coordination among different databases, reusability, customization, and isolation of various satellites from one another.


Moreover, the changing landscape in the space industry will affect the earth observation industry, especially in downstream activities. Downstream companies are focused on securing new data to ensure cost reduction in a commercial marketplace. Joint ventures and acquisitions are going to gain important tactical aspect in the earth observation satellite industry. For instance, the government is actively participating in the development of earth observation fleet for several purposes, such as remote sensing, earth science, and meteorology.


For instance, Orbital ATK had launched 10 earth observation satellites from Planet Labs, with its Minotaur C rocket to provide information related to businesses, governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) around the world. Similarly, Thales Alenia Space had signed a contract with Airbus Defense and Space GmbH to develop the Biomass spacecraft in order to determine the distribution of biomass in the world’s forests and measure annual changes. It is the first space borne exploration of the Earth’s surface using a P-band radar. Additionally, the data generated will be used to monitor the ionosphere, glacier and ice sheets, mapping subsurface geology in deserts and the topography under dense vegetation.


The primary goal for earth observation satellite is to gather information related to the geological aspect of the earth. The increased need for advanced image-enhancing equipment will enable manufacturers to improve the quality of satellite-based earth observation images. The factors responsible for the growth of the global earth observation satellite market are emerging satellite constellations, cloud computing, high-resolution data, re-usable satellite launch vehicles and technological improvements in satellite imagery. In general, earth observation satellites provide key information and unique data to support climate change activities.


The global earth observation satellite market is segmented based on application, payload type, and region. Among application, environment monitoring is widely used and comprises the largest share in the market. The key growth factor of environmental monitoring is increasing requirement of real-time data related weather forecast and climate pattern. Among payload type, SATCOM has the largest demand in the earth observation satellite market during the forecast period.


Company News:



  • Maxar Technologies: In January 2024, Maxar secured a multi-year contract with the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) to provide high-resolution satellite imagery. This deal strengthens Maxar's position as a leading provider of government-grade Earth observation data.



  • Airbus Defence and Space: In December 2023, Airbus announced the successful launch of Pléiades Neo 5, its latest high-resolution Earth observation satellite. This constellation offers improved image resolution and faster revisit times, catering to applications like precision agriculture and urban planning.



  • Planet Labs: In November 2023, Planet Labs and ERM, a leading sustainability consultancy, announced a strategic collaboration to offer combined data and analytics solutions for environmental monitoring and risk management. This partnership aims to address growing demand for sustainable practices across industries.

  • BlackSky: In October 2023, BlackSky secured a $45 million contract with the US Air Force to provide real-time geospatial intelligence. This deal highlights the increasing role of commercial satellites in national security applications.



  • Terran Orbital: In June 2023, Terran Orbital successfully launched its RUNNER-1 satellite, demonstrating its capabilities in the small satellite segment of the Earth observation market. This launch opens doors for wider adoption of Terran Orbital's technology.


Earth Observation Satellite Market, By Segmentation


On the basis of region, the market is segmented into America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Rest of the World. North America region is expected to dominate the market in future, due to significant investment in surveillance and monitoring technologies. For instance, SpaceX and Airbus Defense built the first Spanish earth observation satellite to assist with civil operations, such as border control, tactical support, natural disaster management, environmental monitoring, risk management, and counter-piracy actions. The Asia Pacific region is second to the North America region in the global earth observation satellite market as several companies are operational in commercial verticals in media and entertainment and disaster management, with the help of earth observation satellites. Thus, the global earth observation satellite market is estimated to grow at approximately 9% CAGR from 2017 to 2023.


Key Players


The key players in the global earth observation satellite market are Airbus Defence and Space (U.S.), OHB SE (Germany), Boeing Defense Space & Security (U.S.), JSC Information Satellite Systems (Russia), Lockheed Martin (U.S.), Orbital ATK (U.S.), Space Systems/Loral (U.S.), Thales Alenia Space (France), and Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (U.S.).


The report for Global Earth Observation Satellite Market of Market Research Future comprises extensive primary research along with the detailed analysis of qualitative as well as quantitative aspects by various industry experts, key opinion leaders to gain the deeper insight of the market and industry performance. The report gives the clear picture of current market scenario which includes historical and projected market size in terms of value and volume, technological advancement, macro economic and governing factors in the market. The report provides details information and strategies of the top key players in the industry. The report also gives a broad study of the different market segments and regions.

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