Automated border control market is predicted to reach USD 25.025 Billion by 2027 at a CAGR of 18% during the forecast period, 2020 and 2027.
Automated border gates are computerized self-service barriers that are operated by the border force located at immigration checkpoints and arrival halls, which proves its worth in the sector through smoother and faster passenger flow, reduced frustrations, and provides more operational efficiency. For operation, the passports must possess a biometric logo on the front cover, which can be readable by automated border control gates. After recognizing the ID, the person at the control tower confirmed the person’s identification with the support of facial recognition technology.
The growth of the global market for automated border control is attributed to the growing security concern, rising focus on automation across all port facilities, and the emergence of multimodal biometrics. However, the lack of skilled workforce and issues associated with the interoperability between devices are anticipated to hamper the market negatively. Furthermore, the high initial investments in infrastructure costs for automated border control systems are also anticipated to hamper the market negatively. On the other hand, the growing international traffic is anticipated to provide significant growth opportunities for the automated border control market.
As per MRFR analysis, the current projections of global automated border control market growth till 2027 are expected to be higher than pre-COVID-19 estimates. The pandemic has had a positive impact on the global automated border control market across the world.
This is due to the stringent government regulations to cope with the COVID-19 outbreak that forced airport authorities, port operators, and others to install or use touch-free security systems. Moreover, many airport authorities globally are planning to install new and advanced border security systems in the next few years.
Thus, it is expected that the global automated border control market will grow at a slightly higher rate during the forecast period.
Multimodal biometrics features a combination of two or more biometric technologies for verification. Multimodal biometric provides more accuracy because it identifies an individual using two or more biometric technologies for authentication. These biometric systems are accurate, reliable, and secure, which is why they are widely adopted for border control. Some multimodal biometrics are available with both fingerprint and finger vein recognition technology in a single device. It is observed that fingerprint and facial recognition are the leading biometric technologies used in Asia-Pacific. While fingerprint recognition is preferred in the US, the Middle East prefers iris recognition. The airports planning the installation of e-gates should consider the geographic diversity of citizens, and the e-gates may need to be multimodal to provide the necessary flexibility and support a range of biometric options. However, physical contact is necessary for fingerprint biometrics, which requires an individual to place a finger on the sensor. Increasing concerns related to hygiene leave people reluctant to adopt contact biometric solutions in public places such as airports. Therefore, biometric technology vendors and biometric scanner manufacturers are focusing on the development of contactless fingerprint scanners. Thus, the emergence of multimodal biometrics is expected to drive the growth of the global automated border control market during the forecast period.
According to the UN World Tourism Organization, nearly one billion people cross international borders each year. Air travel has experienced one of the fastest growths among all modes of modern-day transportations. Recently, there has been a significant rise in the number of air travelers. Moreover, according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), it is expected that about 8 billion passengers will commute via air travel by 2037, a near double of the approx. 4 billion air travelers in 2018. This rise in air passenger traffic is anticipated to drive the growth of the automated border control market. The US is the leading country with the highest number of air passenger traffic. According to the World Bank, the US registered the highest number of passengers boarding planes, about 926.73 million, in 2019. Moreover, significant infrastructure development in the aviation industry of emerging economies and increasing purchasing power further support air passenger traffic growth. According to IATA, in 2018, China provided the largest incremental increase in passenger trips. Furthermore, India's domestic market showed the fastest growth in passenger numbers, 18.5% in 2018. This incremental growth in air passenger traffic is anticipated to drive the demand for automated border control systems. Thus, the growing international travel is anticipated to present lucrative opportunities for the players operating in the global automated border control market.
Automated border control systems require very high investments to set up the required infrastructure. These devices are manufactured by integrating various hardware and software components, such as passport scanners, biometric identification devices such as facial and iris scanners, software for verifying documents with stored databases, and custom check software. Each of the hardware and software are individually very expensive, and thus, there is a high investment cost associated with the integrated system. The technology is costly for some regions or economies, which restricts the growth of the market. Many governments are also experiencing intense pressure in terms of budgets and, more specifically, reducing public expenditure and achieving cost savings where possible. Thus, the high investment costs for the automated border control systems are expected to restrict the growth of the global automated border control market during the forecast period.
Cumulative Growth Analysis
Introduction of Advanced Automated Border Control Systemsto Bolster Market’s Growth Rate
The global automated border control market growth is expected to be at a rate of 13.52% over the analysis period (between 2021 and 2027) on account of the introduction of advanced automated border control systems.
Better Passenger Handling Provided by ABC e-Gates to Bolster the Demand
The automated border control market has been segmented, based on solution type, into ABC e-Gate and ABC Kiosk. The ABC e-Gate segment dominated with a value of USD 644.25 million in 2019 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 14.07% during the forecast period. ABC e-Gate and ABC Kiosk differ by the process they follow. In the case of ABC e-Gate, it allows the users to scan the biometric page and then complete facial recognition, which provides immigration after confirming from the security tower. While with ABC Kiosk, the passport is inserted in a kiosk machine where all the necessary identification will be done inside the machine and provides a token for e-Gate. Furthermore, ABC e-gates also provide other benefits over the Kiosk, such as physical barriers, access control, biometric identification, and an integrated two-step process. These factors are likely to provide a safer and efficient process than the ABC kiosk.
Improved Operational Efficiency at Airports to Drive the Growth
The global automated border control market has been segmented, based on application, into airport, land port, and seaport. The airport segment accounted for the largest market share in 2020. To optimize the use of existing infrastructure and technology at airports and manage the growing passenger traffic, airports need to improve operational efficiency. ABC systems can handle a large number of passengers and improve operational efficiency while also maintaining security. These systems can also help carry out functions such as self-check-in, check-out, and baggage tagging. Time-consuming activities in airports involve tagging baggage and clearing the immigration/arrival process, which is resolved by ABC systems via the self-tagging of baggage and self-service for the immigration/arrival process. European and North American airport operators are the major end users deploying ABC systems with biometrics to increase passenger clearance without increasing airport staff cost—enhancing convenience and security at airports.
Europe spearheaded the automated border control market in 2019 with a CAGR value of 12.19% and is likely to continue to command during the assessment period. The major reason behind this is that most of the automation companies are based in Europe and possess a strong technical base in the region. Moreover, the European Union's focus on improving the automated border control e-gates further drives the market's growth. Most of the busiest airports in Europe, such as Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (France), Heathrow Airport (London), and Frankfurt Airport (Germany), are already equipped with automated border control gates. Moreover, the rising number of mergers and acquisitions in the region drives the growth of the market. For instance, In January 2020, FacePhi, a software company based in Spain, acquired Ecertic, a Spanish document recognition specialist, to improve its digital onboarding services. The latter’s technology is compliant with the latest EIDAS regulations in Europe. Gelmato, a company based in the Netherlands, acquired 3M’s Identity Management business and made a strategic move by adapting its biometric technology. In July 2017, Secunet (Germany), a key player in Europe, took over bintec elmeg Security GmbH. This acquisition strengthened Secunet with the additional expertise and expansion of its packet alarm product family.
APAC Races Ahead at the Fastest Rate as China and India Take the Lead
Asia-Pacific is said to be at a growing stage. The rise in security concerns, the need for automation, and improved traveler convenience are the drivers responsible for the regional market growth. China Public Security Technology, a leading provider of high-tech public security Information, successfully implemented automation at the busiest airports in China, such as Beijing Capital International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Its objective is to automate all the airports by 2025. Furthermore, in 2019, Panasonic Corporation announced that it would be providing additional automated facial recognition gates for use at an expanded number of airports in Japan and newly expanded use in departure procedures for foreign travelers. The additional order was supposed to bring the total number of automated gates to 203 units across the country. Additionally, in December 2020, Indira Gandhi International Airport (India) began a pilot program to automate immigration clearance for passengers traveling out of the country. Therefore, increasing demand for automation and improved traveler convenience drives the growth of the regional market.
Significant Investments by Players to Intensify Competition
The global automated border control market is anticipated to grow significantly in the coming years due to the growing demand for rapid air travel. The global automated border control market is characterized by the presence of several global and regional vendors. The market is highly competitive, with all the players trying to gain maximum market share. Frequent changes in government policies, intense rivalry, and aviation regulations are the key factors that impact global market growth. The vendors compete based on cost, product quality, and reliability. It is crucial for the players to offer cost-efficient and high-quality automated border control systems and solutions to succeed in an intensely competitive market environment.
List of Key Companies Covered in this Report
Scope of the Report
The scope of the report highlights drivers, opportunities, restraints, and challenges surrounding the global market. With easy-to-comprehend segmentation that includes solution type, component, application, and region, MRFR projections are based on historical and expected trends. In addition, major firms active in the global market have been profiled and paired with the top strategies employed by them to remain competitive in the industry.
|Market Size||25.025 Billion (2027)|
|Forecast Units||Value (USD Million)|
|Report Coverage||Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, and Trends|
|Segments Covered||Solution Type, Component, and Application|
|Geographies Covered||North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America|
|Key Vendors||Thales Group, Accenture PLC, SITA, Indra Sistemas, S.A., Secunet Security Networks AG, IDEMIA, Vision-Box, Gunnebo AB, NEC Corporation, and Cross Match Technologies, Inc.|
|Key Market Opportunities||Growing Security Concerns Rising Focus on Automation Across all Port Facilities Emergence of Multimodal Biometrics|
|Key Market Drivers||Lack of Skilled Workforce and Issues with the Interoperability Between Devices High Initial Investments|
The global automated border control market is projected to register a moderate 18% CAGR in the forecast period.
The software segment is slated to expand as the fastest-growing segment.
The ABC e-gate segment is expected to witness substantial growth.
The airport segment is anticipated to observe considerable growth.
A few major market players operating in the global automated border control market are HID Global (U.S.), Atos Corporation (France), Cognitec Systems (Germany), Cominfosec (Czech Republic), and others.