Artificial Sweeteners: Risk of Cancer and Other Noncommunicable Diseases

By Rahul Gotadki, 14 July, 2023

Artificial sweeteners are gaining more popularity due to their low sugar content, around 200 to 20,000 times less than regular table sugar. But the non-sugar sweeteners (NSS) taste the same sweeter with a tiny amount of usage. Since the NSS is used in smaller amounts, it accounts for negligible calorie count and is thus regarded as nonnutritive. The global market for artificial sweeteners in 2023 is USD 1644.5 million.

Recent studies have found that a chemical compound produced after consuming a sweetener named Splenda is responsible for DNA damage in human beings. This shows the limitations of the less calorie content artificial sweeteners that support the idea of keeping noncommunicable diseases and obesity in check. The U.S. Census data and Simmons National Consumer Survey (NHCS) data show that Splenda is widely used among adults in the United States as a substitute for sugar. Since American Heart Association recommends that not more than 25 and 36 grams of sugar be taken by women and men, respectively, the usage of artificial sweeteners have become a popular culture, reasoning health benefit with fewer calories.
According to the National Institute of Cancer, epidemiologic studies alone cannot prove cancer-causing or DNA-threatening elements in artificial sweeteners. But as per, the findings of a 2022 study found cancer incidence in more than 102,000 French adults under a 24-hour dietary observation that covered all the commercial food products they consumed. Median research also suggests that people consuming artificial sweeteners are more prone to cancer than those who don't consume NSS. Consuming a higher amount of NSS can lead to cancer 1.13 times. Obesity causes more than 13 types of cancer; some studies have found NSS are linked to causing obesity. Therefore, higher chances are associated with NSS or artificial sweeteners causing noncommunicable diseases like cancer.

Artificial Sweeteners: Risk of Cancer and Other Noncommunicable Diseases

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