The complete overview of kidney stone and their causes

April 2021

Kidney stones are minerals that form inside the kidneys. These mineral deposits are hard and contain salt content. Kidney stones can cause several health complications such as heavy bodyweight. 

It can also affect the urinary tract and create bladder problems. The mineral deposits form as stones due to crystallization. Kidney stones can be a painful condition. The crucial aspect to get rid of or reduce pain is to pass the kidney stones through the urinary tract. If there is any clogging of kidney stones, then surgery is necessary. 

The exact cause of kidney stones 

There is no exact cause behind kidney stones. However, there are several factors of kidney stone that puts your health at risk. Kidney stones contain toxic elements such as oxalate and uric acid. Kidney stones may even block the functioning of the kidney. Your urinary waste will not go out effectively when kidney stones. Kidney stones can affect a person due to many reasons. Some are lifestyle, food habits, sleep routine and much more. 

The common symptoms of kidney stones 

A kidney stone will not have any symptoms till it reaches your kidney. When the stone is present in the uterus, then it can cause pain. When there is a clog in the kidney tubes, then it can cause kidney swelling. Some of the severe symptoms of kidney stones are as follows. 

  • Severe pain in the back and the front side of the kidneys.¬†

  • The pain of kidney stones can prolong to the groin and lower abdomen.¬†

  • Fluctuating pain and intensifying pain over the days.¬†

  • Severe irritation or burning sensation when passing urine.¬†

  • Pink or dark colour urine may indicate a kidney stone problem.¬†

  • Cloudy, yellow or foamy urine may also be the cause of kidney stones.¬†

  • Individuals having kidney stones may urinate more than often.¬†

  • Nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and infections are some of the symptoms.¬†

When to contact a health adviser 

A kidney stone is manageable with proper treatment and medication. However, at times the symptoms may be extreme. You can consult a health adviser when you experience the following. 

  • Extreme or unbearable pain that affects your day to day activities.¬†

  • Excruciating pain with nausea and vomiting.¬†

  • Pain in the abdomen with fever and chills.¬†

  • If you cannot pass urine or if the urine contains blood.¬†

When are you at risk of kidney stones? 

Family history                          

Kidney stones are hereditary. You can develop kidney stones if your family has a history of them. Also, if you already have a kidney stone problem, then it can occur again. 


Not drinking enough water can put you at risk of kidney stones. Staying hydrated is essential for kidney stone related conditions.  

Certain food 

Eating a diet that is rich in sugar content and protein may increase the risk of kidney stones. Consuming too much salt can create more calcium in the kidneys causing kidney stones. 

Surgeries and medications 

If you have undergone any surgeries in the past, the common side effect of it may be a kidney stone. Some medications also have high steroids that can cause kidney stones. 


A kidney stone is a common condition today. It is treatable with the right medicines and natural remedies. However, you can prevent it by staying hydrated. 

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