Inflation Stays Stable in April 2023

By Garvit Vyas, 19 May, 2023

Inflation in the U.S. had cooled down to the lowest point in almost two years in March 2023 as prices for everything in the market increases reached 5 percent. Inflation remained stable at 4.9 percent in April 2023. Compared to March, the prices rose by a seasonally adjusted 0.4 percent. The food prices fell by 0.3 percent and 0.2 percent for March and April, but overall, the food prices remained unchanged in this period. The energy prices also fell by 5.1 percent year-over-year. The housing prices also rose by 0.4 percent since March 2023 and more than 8 percent since 2022 around the same time.

Due to the rise in housing costs, the core Consumer Price Index (CPI) shows a higher reading than all other items. Food and energy are the volatile items in the CPI; thus, they rose faster when inflation occurred in 2021. But they are also cooling faster, especially the prices of energy. Therefore, these developments are expected to lead the Fed's tightening cycle to stop reigning inflation. The central bank announced another increase of the federal funds rate target of 0.25 percent. This rate is projected to be the last hike by most of the Federal Open Market Committee.

Inflation started spiking in the summer of 2021, reversing the pandemic's cooling effect on consumer prices. At the onset of the pandemic, prices suffered due to the sudden drop in consumer spending and fuel demand before rising slowly back to the position of pre-pandemic over the summer and fall.

The image shows U.S. consumer price index (CPI) YoY percent change

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