The macadamia nut tree is an evergreen that can grow up to 30 meters tall and has a very long life span. The genome of the macadamia nut tree has been sequenced, so it is possible for scientists to study the species without disturbing it in the wild.
These nuts are tasty and healthy, prized for their taste and high fat content. The macadamia nut tree looks similar to the cashew, and the two trees are very similar in appearance to each other, which makes them hard to tell apart. However, the macadamia is much larger and more difficult to cultivate.
Macadamia nuts have a lot of health benefits, and they can be used for both mild and severe illnesses. They help relieve symptoms of arthritis, are great for hair growth and skin care, are great for treating diabetes and blood pressure. The fats in these nuts are highly concentrated and have a high content of Polyphenols (proanthocyanidins). Polyphenols are plant polyphenolic compounds that have multiple biological functions. Polyphenols in the macadamia nut are high in antioxidants and have an anti-inflammatory effect. They also promote cardiovascular health by decreasing LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, while increasing HDL cholesterol. Macadamia nuts contain vitamins E and K as well as folate. They also contain phytosterols, which may help lower the bad LDL cholesterol levels, which is associated with atherosclerosis.
The macadamia nut tree takes 6-7 years to mature and bear fruits after germination. The ideal temperature for germination is around 18 degrees Celsius. The seeds have to be placed in a pot with a depth of about 1.5 cm and watered regularly for 12-18 months. They take about 3 to 5 years to reach the first harvest, and it takes another 5-10 years until they mature enough for harvest.
Two genetic loci are responsible for the allelic variation of macadamia nuts: CAMN (Cameron) locus controls the number of copies of the CAMN gene, which encodes a protein that belongs to the Golgi apparatus-related protein family. The CAMN gene has been associated with the ability of plant cells to regulate developmentally important processes.
On the other hand, the macadamia nut is an expensive nut to buy for two reasons: The first is because they don’t grow in many other places besides Australia, Indonesia and Hawaii. And the second reason is because it takes about 10 months for these nuts to fully develop on their trees before they can be harvested.
Macadamia nuts are also an extremely healthy food. Macadamia nuts can provide you with a lot of health benefits, in terms of giving your body the nutrients it needs to be healthy and providing your brain with necessary fats that it needs. They are not only rich and creamy, but also high in protein and are cholesterol free. And with the global demand for these tasty treats skyrocketing, there's no time like the present to invest in this lucrative business opportunity.
A variety of factors have been driving this trend – from new discoveries about their health benefits to their appearance on trendy menus at upscale restaurants. Although it will take some investment up front, macadamia nuts market potential is huge and worth looking into.