In the term of chemistry the organic means it contains carbon compounds in it and inorganic means the compounds which don’t contain carbon compounds. The most common example of inorganic salt is sodium chloride (NaCl) also known as table salt, other example of inorganic salt is Sapphire (Al2O3), Silicon dioxide (SiO2), Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4), etc.
Salt compound are those compound which causes due to reaction between an acid and a base. They are ionic compounds formulate by two oppositely charged ions. Let’s take the example of table salt (NaCl) it is made by the combination of an anion and a cation, which is a positively charged ion (Na+) and a negatively charged ion (Cl-).
There are various different of salts, some are hydrolyze to make hydroxide ions when mixed in water this is the basic salts, while those that hydrolyze which make hydronium ions when dissolved in water, these are the acidic salts. The neutral salts are those salts which are in the middle neither acidic nor basic salts. There are salt like Zwitterions which have anionic as well as cationic center in the same molecule yet they are not considered as salt.
The non-soluble salts at the standard temperature and pressure are generally solid, but there are exceptions like ionic melts, ionic fluids, fused salts, etc. (ionic liquid) they do not conduct electricity. Then there is molten salts and solution which have salts and called as electrolytes, these salts are in solid form at standard temperature and pressure but start to melt and become liquid as soon as the temperature rises, they are conductor of electricity.
Then comes the properties of these salts, there are different colors of salts for example clear and transparent (sodium chloride), mauve (cobalt chloride hexahydrate), yellow (sodium chromate), purple (potassium permanganate), etc. The taste of the salt can evoke all five basic tastes; example magnesium sulfate tastes bitter, lead diacetate tastes sweet which is very poisonous if consumed, sodium chloride is salty in taste, potassium bitartrate is sour in taste, and monosodium glutamate tastes savor.
Salts are generally referred by the names of the cation or by the name of the anion.
- Shubhra Ketan
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