3D Concrete Printing Market Research Report - Global Forecast to 2027

3D Concrete Printing Market Information Report, by Concrete Type (Ready Mix Concrete, Precast Concrete, Shotcrete and High Density Concrete), by Application (Residential, Industrial, Agricultural and others), by End-Use (Walls, Roofs, Floor, Staircase and Others) and by Region - Global Forecast to 2027

ID: MRFR/CO/1460-CR | August 2017 | Region: Global | 135 pages

Impact of COVID-19 on the Global 3D Concrete Printing Market
3D Concrete Printing Market


COVID-19 has severely impacted the construction industry, mainly due to the capital shortages caused by the lockdowns and halted construction projects. The fresh investments flowing into the building of commercial as well as residential construction projects across the globe has declined drastically during the pandemic, leading to reduced demand, cash flow constraints, and unemployment. Similar is the case with developed projects. The construction industry has witnessed fluctuations in retail demand, leading to falling incomes from rentals. Many organizations have adopted remote working policies reducing the need for office spaces and minimizing their recurring costs. This scenario is raising concerns among commercial space owners and is expected to have adverse effects on the industry if not mitigated with appropriate planning. Government authorities are working on formulating appropriate measures to support the industry. Furthermore, the rapid fall in land prices by over 30% is expected to benefit builders and developers. Also, support from the banking sector to the construction industry is likely to attract potential property buyers in the coming future.


The global impact of COVID-19 has benefitted the 3D concrete printing technology industry. The unavailability of workers and other employees has severely impacted the construction industry, leading to heavy losses. However, 3D printing technology is proving to be a boon in such a crisis. For instance, the 3D printed quarantine booths by Shanghai-based Winsun Building Technique Co. Ltd. are used to isolate the infected patients at Xianning, Hubei and Rizhao, Shandong regions. These booths are made from recycled industrial residue and other construction materials and are designed to tolerate severe environmental conditions, including winds and earthquakes. These booths have concrete walls three times tougher as compared to the traditional ones.

1 Executive Summary

2 Introduction

2.1 Definition 16

2.2 Scope of the Study 16

2.3 Assumptions 16

2.4 Market Structure 17

3 Research Methodology

3.1 Research Process 18

3.2 Primary Research 19

3.3 Secondary Research 19

3.4 Market Size Estimation 19

3.5 Forecast Model 21

4 Market Dynamics

4.1 Drivers 23

4.1.1 Increasing FDI in construction in emerging nations 23

4.1.2 Supportive government regulations and policies 24

4.1.3 Reduced construction wastage 25

4.2 Restraints 25

4.2.1 Lack Of Awareness Of 3D Concrete Printing Technology 25

4.2.2 Mobility 25

4.3 Opportunities 26

4.3.1 Integration of Green Construction with 3D Concrete Printing. 26

4.3.2 Rapid Industrialization and Urbanization 26

5 Market Factor Analysis

5.1 Porter’s five force analysis 27

5.1.1 Threat Of New Entrants 28

5.1.2 Bargaining Power Of Suppliers 28

5.1.3 Threat Of Substitutes 28

5.1.4 Bargaining Power Of Buyers 28

5.1.5 Segment Rivalry 28

5.2 Value Chain Analysis 29

5.2.1 Raw Material 29

5.2.2 Product Manufacturing 29

5.2.3 On Site Execution 30

5.2.4 Renovation 30

5.2.5 Demolition 30

6 Global 3D Concrete Printing Market, By Concrete Type

6.1 Overview 32

6.1.1 Ready Mix Concrete 34

6.1.2 Precast Concrete 34

6.1.3 Shotcrete 35

6.1.4 High Density Concrete 35

7 Global 3D Concrete Printing Market, By Application

7.1 Overview 37

7.1.1 Residential 39

7.1.2 Industrial 39

7.1.3 Agricultural 39

8 Global 3D Concrete Printing Market, By End-Use

8.1 Overview 41

8.1.1 Walls 43

8.1.2 Roofs 43

8.1.3 Floor 43

8.1.4 Staircase 43

9 3D Concrete Printing Market, By Region

9.1 Introduction 45

9.2 North America 47

9.2.1 U.S. 53

9.2.2 Canada 56

9.3 Europe 60

9.3.1 Germany 66

9.3.2 U.K. 69

9.3.3 France 72

9.3.4 Spain 75

9.3.5 Rest of Europe 78

9.4 Asia-Pacific 81

9.4.1 China 88

9.4.2 Japan 91

9.4.3 India 94

9.4.4 Rest of Asia-Pacific 97

9.5 Rest of the World 100

9.5.1 Middle East & Africa 106

9.5.2 South America 109

10 Competitive Scenario

10.1 Market Share Analysis 113

11 Company Profile

11.1 LafargeHolcim Ltd. 114

11.1.1 Company Overview 114

11.1.2 Financial overview 114

11.1.3 Product Offerings 115

11.1.4 Strategy 115

11.1.5 Swot Analysis 116

11.2 HeidelbergCement AG 117

11.2.1 Company Overview 117

11.2.2 Financial Overview 117

11.2.3 Strategy 118

11.2.4 Swot Analysis 119

11.3 SKANSKA AB 120

11.3.1 Company Overview 120

11.3.2 Financial Overview 120

11.3.3 Recent Projects 121

11.3.4 Strategy 122

11.3.5 Skanska AB: Key Developments, 2020-2027 122

11.3.6 Swot Analysis 122

11.4 Balfour Beatty 123

11.4.1 Company Overview 123

11.4.2 Financial overview 123

11.4.3 Strategy 124

11.4.4 Swot analysis 125

11.5 Sika AG 126

11.5.1 Company Overview 126

11.5.2 Financial Overview 127

11.5.3 Product Offerings 128

11.5.4 Strategy 128

11.5.5 Swot Analysis 129

11.6 CyBe Construction 130

11.6.1 Company Overview 130

11.6.2 Financial Overview 130

11.6.3 Recent Projects 130

11.6.4 Strategy 130

11.7 Foster + Partners 131

11.7.1 Company Overview 131

11.7.2 Financial overview 131

11.7.3 Recent Projects 131

11.7.4 Strategy 131

11.8 Dus Architects 132

11.8.1 Company Overview 132

11.8.2 Financial overview 132

11.8.3 Recent Projects 132

11.8.4 Strategy 133

11.9 Winsun Global 134

11.9.1 Company Overview 134

11.9.2 Financial overview 134

11.9.3 Recent Projects 134

11.9.4 Strategy 134

11.10 Apis Cor 135

11.10.1 Company Overview 135

11.10.2 Financial Information 135

11.10.3 Product 135

11.10.4 Key Development 135


12 List of Tables

TABLE 1 SHARE OF TOP FIVE COUNTRIES ATTRACTING FDI EQUITY INFLOWS FOR CONSTRUCTION DEVELOPMENT, 2000-2015 (USD MILLION) 23

TABLE 2 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 33

TABLE 3 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 34

TABLE 4 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 38

TABLE 5 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 39

TABLE 6 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 42

TABLE 7 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 42

TABLE 8 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 46

TABLE 9 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (KT) 46

TABLE 10 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 47

TABLE 11 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KT) 48

TABLE 12 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 49

TABLE 13 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 49

TABLE 14 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 50

TABLE 15 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 51

TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 52

TABLE 17 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 52

TABLE 18 U.S.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 53

TABLE 19 U.S.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 54

TABLE 20 U.S.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 54

TABLE 21 U.S.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 55

TABLE 22 U.S.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 55

TABLE 23 U.S.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 56

TABLE 24 CANADA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 56

TABLE 25 CANADA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 57

TABLE 26 CANADA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 57

TABLE 27 CANADA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 58

TABLE 28 CANADA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 58

TABLE 29 CANADA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 59

TABLE 30 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 60

TABLE 31 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KT) 61

TABLE 32 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 62

TABLE 33 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 62

TABLE 34 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 63

TABLE 35 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 64

TABLE 36 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 65

TABLE 37 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 65

TABLE 38 GERMANY: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 66

TABLE 39 GERMANY: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 66

TABLE 40 GERMANY: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 67

TABLE 41 GERMANY: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 67

TABLE 42 GERMANY: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 68

TABLE 43 GERMANY: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 68

TABLE 44 U.K.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 69

TABLE 45 U.K.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 70

TABLE 46 U.K.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 70

TABLE 47 U.K.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 71

TABLE 48 U.K.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 71

TABLE 49 U.K.: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 72

TABLE 50 FRANCE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 72

TABLE 51 FRANCE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 73

TABLE 52 FRANCE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 73

TABLE 53 FRANCE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 74

TABLE 54 FRANCE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 74

TABLE 55 FRANCE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 75

TABLE 56 SPAIN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 75

TABLE 57 SPAIN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 76

TABLE 58 SPAIN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 76

TABLE 59 SPAIN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 77

TABLE 60 SPAIN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 77

TABLE 61 SPAIN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 78

TABLE 62 REST OF EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 78

TABLE 63 REST OF EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 79

TABLE 64 REST OF EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 79

TABLE 65 REST OF EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 80

TABLE 66 REST OF EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 80

TABLE 67 REST OF EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 81

TABLE 68 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 82

TABLE 69 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KT) 83

TABLE 70 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 84

TABLE 71 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 84

TABLE 72 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 85

TABLE 73 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 86

TABLE 74 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 87

TABLE 75 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 87

TABLE 76 CHINA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 88

TABLE 77 CHINA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 88

TABLE 78 CHINA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 89

TABLE 79 CHINA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 89

TABLE 80 CHINA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 90

TABLE 81 CHINA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 90

TABLE 82 JAPAN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 91

TABLE 83 JAPAN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 91

TABLE 84 JAPAN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 92

TABLE 85 JAPAN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 92

TABLE 86 JAPAN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 93

TABLE 87 JAPAN: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 93

TABLE 88 INDIA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 94

TABLE 89 INDIA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 94

TABLE 90 INDIA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 95

TABLE 91 INDIA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 95

TABLE 92 INDIA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 96

TABLE 93 INDIA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 96

TABLE 94 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 97

TABLE 95 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 97

TABLE 96 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 98

TABLE 97 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 98

TABLE 98 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 99

TABLE 99 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 99

TABLE 100 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 100

TABLE 101 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2020-2027 (KT) 101

TABLE 102 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 102

TABLE 103 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 102

TABLE 104 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 103

TABLE 105 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 104

TABLE 106 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 105

TABLE 107 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 105

TABLE 108 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 106

TABLE 109 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 106

TABLE 110 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 107

TABLE 111 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 107

TABLE 112 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 108

TABLE 113 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 108

TABLE 114 SOUTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 109

TABLE 115 SOUTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (KT) 110

TABLE 116 SOUTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 110

TABLE 117 SOUTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (KT) 111

TABLE 118 SOUTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 111

TABLE 119 SOUTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (KT) 112


13 List of Figures

FIGURE 1 RESEARCH PROCESS OF MRFR 18

FIGURE 2 TOP DOWN & BOTTOM UP APPROACH 20

FIGURE 3 DRIVERS & RESTRAINTS IMPACT ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET 22

FIGURE 4 FDI INFLOWS, ASIA-PACIFIC, 2020-2027 (USD BILLION) 24

FIGURE 5 FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS OF 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET 27

FIGURE 6 VALUE CHAIN OF 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET 29

FIGURE 7 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020 (IN %) 32

FIGURE 8 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 33

FIGURE 9 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020 (IN %) 37

FIGURE 10 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 38

FIGURE 11 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020 (%) 41

FIGURE 12 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 41

FIGURE 13 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SHARE, BY REGION, 2020 (IN %) 45

FIGURE 14 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY REGION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 45

FIGURE 15 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY, 2020 (% SHARE) 47

FIGURE 16 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 48

FIGURE 17 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 50

FIGURE 18 NORTH AMERICA: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 51

FIGURE 19 ANNUAL VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 53

FIGURE 20 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY, 2020 (% SHARE) 60

FIGURE 21 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 61

FIGURE 22 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 63

FIGURE 23 EUROPE: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 64

FIGURE 24 FDI INFLOWS, ASIA-PACIFIC, 2010-2015 (USD BILLION) 81

FIGURE 25 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY, 2020 (% SHARE) 82

FIGURE 26 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 83

FIGURE 27 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027(USD MILLION) 85

FIGURE 28 ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027(USD MILLION) 86

FIGURE 29 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SHARE, BY COUNTRY, 2020 (% SHARE) 100

FIGURE 30 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY CONCRETE TYPE, 2020-2027(USD MILLION) 101

FIGURE 31 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2020-2027(USD MILLION) 103

FIGURE 32 ROW: 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET, BY END-USE, 2020-2027(USD MILLION) 104

FIGURE 33 GLOBAL 3D CONCRETE PRINTING MARKET SHARE (%) 113

FIGURE 34 LAFARGEHOLCIM LTD.: TOTAL REVENUE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 114

FIGURE 35 LAFARGEHOLCIM LTD: GEOGRAPHIC REVENUE MIX, 2020 (%) 115

FIGURE 36 HEIDELBERGCEMENT AG: TOTAL REVENUE VS SEGMENTAL REVENUE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 117

FIGURE 37 HEIDELBERGCEMENT AG: GEOGRAPHIC REVENUE MIX, 2020 (%) 118

FIGURE 38 SKANSKA AB: TOTAL REVENUE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 120

FIGURE 39 SKANSKA AB: GEOGRAPHIC REVENUE MIX, 2020 (%) 121

FIGURE 40 BALFOUR BEATTY.: TOTAL REVENUE VS SEGMENTAL REVENUE, 2020-2027 (USD MILLION) 123

FIGURE 41 BALFOUR BEATTY: GEOGRAPHIC REVENUE MIX, 2020 (%) 124

FIGURE 42 SIKA: TOTAL REVENUES VS SEGMENTAL REVENUES, 2014 -2020 (USD MILLION) 127

FIGURE 43 SIKA: GEOGRAPHIC REVENUE MIX, 2020 (%) 127

FIGURE 44 DUS ARCHITECTS: KEY DEVELOPMENTS, 2020-2027 (%) 133

FIGURE 45 APIS COR : KEY DEVELOPMENTS, 2020-2027 (%) 136